When orchids are thriving, they will eventually outgrow their original pots and need to be repotted—and when they do, they'll need to be pruned. As you can see this plant is happy, but it’s out grown the pot and most of the new pseudobulbs are growing outside and the roots have totally wrapped around the outside of the pot. Epiphytic orchids have a symbiotic relationship with one type of fungi and form orchid mycorrhiza in the root cells. A plant like this is extremely unacceptable. How to deal with overgrown orchid roots. The plant itself is going over the edge of the pot. Cut off any dead, discolored, or damaged roots, and rinse away the old degraded bark from the plant. The good news is that you can still save an orchid with few to no roots! If you’ve had your plant on display somewhere in your house while in bloom, like I always do, return your plant to a window and let it do its thing. I am new to growing orchids am hoping to get some advice as to how to repot and trim back the orchid if needed. Prune the Roots. Root rot can happen so quickly sometimes. Such orchids will eventually die from overwatering. Orchids generally tolerate cramped conditions in containers, but under some conditions, the plant may need repotting. Sterilizing the shears is quite easy as you can use alcohol to do this. Michbrad Dec 3, 2020 1:03 PM CST. I moved the pots around today to try and clean up the weeds and debris around them and also in the pots. Also OP should not change the established feeding routine and those roots all over the place is normal, DO NOT try to stuff them all into a pot. Gardening Tip . Potting material is getting soggy and drains poorly. As we have stated earlier, orchids can have both aerial roots and those that bury themselves into the potting soil. Usually keeping the same pot is enough, but if the roots are spiraling around the pot a lot (some spiraling is fine), then going up to a larger pot is necessary.. Orchid fanciers love their plants. Once you have them in hand, you need to sterilize the pruning shears before you start anything. Check out how to trim dead orchid roots properly: Rinse the old potting soil with tepid water. When orchids are this overgrown you should be able to bury some of them when you repot your orchid. Pruning the plant will help clean it up so that it will have a healthier environment for growing. But not much larger, usually the next size up is more than enough. You suspect the roots of your orchid are rotting. "After lifting the orchid from the pot, remove all moss or bark from its roots," Rogers says. First thing you need to do is to get your shears. Remember that you don’t need to repot just because the roots are growing out of the pot. If the roots are always bright green that is an indication that they are drowning. Orchid roots often cling tenaciously. This must be a lively question as there have been two comments already. Most orchids grow on trees in the wild and their roots are used to wandering everywhere. This is not to think that areal roots are a sign of a root bound orchid; they aren't. After you’ve completed one of the three options describe above, you should resume your normal care routine. An orchid with minimal to no roots is worrisome, but we have lots of tricks we can try to get it to sprout new ones. As you do so, a root-bound plant will show a dense mass of white roots rather than a mixture of soil and roots around the perimeter of the root ball. However, sometimes, the orchid roots can become mushy and die from overwatering. Orchid Care After Blooming. My goals were: to remove the orchid from the pot Always handle the plant by the pot as opposed to the stem so that the roots are not loosened. Never cut aerial roots since they are responsible for providing proper nutrition and adequate hydration for the orchid. The usual response to remedy the situation is either to cut the roots or add fill soil over the roots and then replanting grass or ground cover. Phalaenopsis orchids grow along the surface of flower pots sending a few roots into the bark growing medium. Orchid roots are overflowing the pot. Unhealthy Orchid Roots . Roots growing from an Oncidium Bollopetalum putting out loads of new roots Existing roots + new root on a Phal Phal root on left, growing from between leaves—spikes often also grow from there Phal root. These roots can also cause problems when they cram the orchid pot. Shown below… Back to burying the other ones: When you do this you have to be extra careful not to break them off because they can be quite brittle. In fact, they should only be bright green right after they are watered. Keep the plant safe and steady. They may also become too numerous for the plant to remain healthy. They spend hours tending to them, offering words of encouragement and even shining the leaves. Because it may be difficult to visualize the stages of rooting behaviour (and, not coincidentally, being difficult to write about), this series of illustrations and explanations should help to clarify the subject. New Member. Aerial roots may be thick or thin. I am happy to have them as is the orchid. Aerial Roots by: Melissa Hi Becky, Thanks for your question. On the bottom of the compacted rootball, make a clean X about a quarter of the way into the rootball with a sharp knife. If you end up with a dead orchid, before throwing it out, take time to check out the roots. This happens as a result of excess moisture entering the pot. Fertilizer builds up to the point that the medium is covered with white dust or the leaf tips of the orchid are burnt. Some lovers of flowers confuse the concepts of moisture and moisture, so often and abundantly watered exotic flowers. (and yes some of those big white Phals. But if roots have attached to the pot or old bark medium then soak the plant for a long enough period that they can be gently pried off without damage or breakage. When I repot Phals. Phalaenopsis orchid roots need to be compacted and compressed inside their pot, and unlike other household plants, Phalaenopsis actually enjoy being root bound. When I go to repot … Orchids like (and need) to be a bit root bound in order to do well. If you notice the roots rising out of the pot, you should repot your orchid. Although here again, when the roots of an orchid start growing every which way, it is easy to get confused! The plant has clearly overgrown the pot, with exposed roots hanging over the edges of the pot. Keikis are clones of the “mother” plant and can either be left attached to the mother or removed and potted individually once they have grown large enough. Look for dead roots that are … Pruning Overgrown Orchids. 7 | Orchids Will Bloom Again Next Year Orchids will come back year after year . Roots are GOOD. I do not re-pot, just add a little bark or moss to the top of pots where the plant seems unstable. Sometimes leaves on an orchid will grow very large which can make them dangerously heavy. Pick Your Pot. Storing away extra nutrients. Tree roots that grow on the surface are difficult to mow or walk over and can affect the growth and health of nearby grass and ground covers. But when it comes time to repot that overgrown … Job number two is to secure the plant in place. The plant has grown too top-heavy for the available pot and it keeps falling over. However, the way an orchid’s roots do this is somewhat different from what you are probably used to – they absorb these nutrients from the air. Tree and yard owners are often faced with the problem of a tree's exposed surface roots. In fact, my wife has been in this exact predicament with several of her rescue orchids. Overgrown orchids inside tiny pots seem like roots are growing in all directions, even outside the pot. Description Aerial roots contribute to the orchid's survival by gathering water and nutrients from the air. Watering down or soaking the root mass may help you to free the plant, but sometimes your only option is to destroy the container to accomplish the task. My take on roots for Phals. A plant that seems to require root-pruning quite often is probably begging for a larger pot. The growth I described above is a baby orchid or plantlet, known to orchid lovers as a “keiki” (the Hawaiian term for “the little one”). There are many ways to grow an orchid. Choose a potting mix that suits your particular type of orchid. Now, let’s move on to some photos of orchid spikes. Slats in a wood basket can be pried apart, while a clay pot can be rolled inside several sheets of newpaper, which are then taped before hitting the paper bundle with a hammer. Orchid roots do not like to be disturbed. Gently ease apart any that are tangled and clip away roots that are dead or rotten. The plant is a perfect example of a healthy cattleya that has overgrown it’s pot. Not only do areal roots absorb humidity of water droplets and nutritious micro-elements traveling on wind currents, aerial roots also increase the amount of energy by photosynthesizing. Orchids, in particular faleopsis, are committed to infectious diseases. NOTE: You may not be able to bury all of them some of mine are growing in between leaves and those I leave alone. Pruning of orchid roots is important for the survival of the orchid and only requires a little specialized technique. Orchids forum: Overgrown Orchid - Help! I did read on … This is an ORCHID! The premiere sub dedicated to orchids 3. The easiest way to fix an overgrown plant’s roots is to prune them. Newly emerging roots indicated that now is the time to repot this overgrown cattleya. Hi, I'm new to caring for Orchids, and I've just moved to Hawaii. The potting media has disintegrated into mush, which can harbor deadly bacteria and fungus. The orchid provides the fungi with sugars produced by photosynthesis, while the fungi give the orchid the nitrogen compounds (mainly nitrogen and phosphorus) produced when the sugars are broken down by the fungal enzymes. – Stephie ♦ Aug 29 '15 at 21:17 Tease apart the roots and remove any roots that have been cut loose. Prepare the potting mix. Carefull with recommending potting soil! Orchids' roots are different! It is VERY overgrown and tall. Aerial roots do no harm to the orchid. There are a bunch of big orchids in pots in my back yard with roots all over the place. Step 4: Place the orchid in its new pot. 68.3k members in the orchids community. After the orchid is out of its pot, use your fingers and a clean pair of scissors to clean up the roots. The ideal time to repot most orchids is when the plant starts new growth — usually right after it finishes flowering. Above: Use clean scissors to remove any dead or rotting roots. Start by taking the plant out of the pot. Also, they simply outgrow their pots and need repotting, with a few dead roots trimmed during the process. I inherited my orchid from a friend who admitted she should have repotted it years ago. Video about growing orchid roots: Diseases and pests. Views: 75, Replies: 9 » Jump to the end. This way, you can see the roots clearly if you have your orchids in pots. 2. Here’s a photo of the plant. No I do not stake them. Orchid roots do not need to be bright green all of the time. 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