If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. When the plant is big enough to your liking, the lettuce can be harvested. Start spring crops indoors. Container gardening tips are also included. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 90,659 times. Be careful not to cut through any rocks or soil, or you’ll end up dulling the blades of your shears. The ribs of romaine turn a milky color if the lettuce is left on the plant too long. How to Harvest Romaine Lettuce in Your Garden. A solid rib means the romaine is mature, but milky indicates a tougher. Loose-leaf lettuce is a non-heading type of lettuce, second to romaine in nutritional value, and generally the easiest type for gardeners to grow. My lettuce has grown and I've. … For leaf lettuces, consider using a cut-and-come-again method. To learn how to harvest the individual lettuce leaves, read on! Everything you need, to ensure you enjoy your lettuce...made Eazy! Non-hearting types of lettuce can be harvested as soon as they have a few large leaves. Calculate the estimated maturity date, which is typically about 55 to 65 days for romaine lettuce. Harvest the romaine heads about 65–70 days after planting the seeds. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. Loose-Leaf Lettuce. It is strong against tipburn. Bibb lettuce, among three, is the easiest one to grow. ", Unlock this expert answer by supporting wikiHow, http://www.gardenersnet.com/vegetable/romaine.htm, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysGbSGbPOFA&feature=youtu.be&t=33s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysGbSGbPOFA&feature=youtu.be&t=56s, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. For an even earlier harvest, sow indoors; the seedlings don't mind transplanting. However, these leaves will not form another “head” shape, and will be looser and less numerous than the lettuce leaves on the initial romaine head. These little gems grow to about 4" in diameter and are best picked when they are 6" tall. Lettuce thrives in cold weather and can be sown directly into the garden, starting in early spring. Loose leaf lettuce harvest can begin anytime the leaves have formed but prior to the formation of a seed stalk. Iceberg (crisphead) varieties take longer and should be harvested as soon as a head develops but before outer leaves turn brown. How do you cut romaine lettuce from the garden? If you grow romaine or butter leaf lettuce, you should first remove the outer leaves, then dig up the entire plant and cut it off at the base. Lettuce is typically a cool-weather vegetable, but romaine is more heat-tolerant than other varieties, according to Organic Gardening. Put this stem in a shallow dish filled with about 1⁄2 inch (1.3 cm) of water. Thanks. Having an individual high pressure water stream for every seed line allows you to independently adjust cut height … Feeling devastated from a breakup? Lettuce is generally ready to harvest about 80 days after planting with seeds and about 60 days after using seedlings. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/57\/Harvest-Romaine-Lettuce-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Harvest-Romaine-Lettuce-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/57\/Harvest-Romaine-Lettuce-Step-1.jpg\/aid10069574-v4-728px-Harvest-Romaine-Lettuce-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. The disadvantage is that each harvest will be relatively small. Unlike iceberg lettuce, the romaine heads will not be densely closed in upon themselves when mature. Designed to harvest Romaine, Green Leaf and a version for Iceberg and many other commodities. Lettuce loves cool weather. Check the romaine in the morning when it nears harvest time. Harvest the lettuce when it reaches between 6 and 8 inches tall, with leaves that begin to tighten. So is Romaine lettuce, but it takes a longer while to grow as compared to others. To learn how to harvest the individual lettuce leaves, read on! Calculate the estimated maturity date, which is typically about 55 to 65 days for romaine lettuce. Lettuce is fast and easy to grow, but if you want a consistent harvest all season long, there are a few important things to know. Monitor the growth of the romaine as the maturity date nears to look for signs of readiness. Depending how long your season is before the first frost, extend the life of that baby as long as you can! This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Cut the plant off at soil level with a sharp knife. Enjoy the process! An immature romaine head is loose and compresses easily, while an overly ripe head feels hard to the touch. When it’s ready, use a sharp pair of garden scissors to cut off the head of lettuce just above the base, or about 1 inch above the soil. Cut the romaine heads off just above the soil line and below the lower leaves, using a sharp, clean knife. Imagine how convenient it would be to harvest this gorgeous bronze romaine lettuce right outside your kitchen window. Pick baby leaves for salads, or wait for maturity. References Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? If seed stalks appear, pick the lettuce immediately and store in the refrigerator to prevent bitterness. Ready to harvest in 21 to 40 days. If you try to pull upwards on the leaves, you may start to uproot the whole plant. You’ll be able to get 3–4 additional harvests by picking only the mature, outermost leaves each time. Bibb types such as Buttercrunch form a loose head; you can harvest anytime, but for the classic Bibb rosette, wait until the lettuce is nearly full … We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Check the package for the specific variety you chose to get an estimate for the maturity date. Harvesting first thing in the morning is ideal, because the lettuce is more crisp in the morning than it is later in the day. organic mini-romaine lettuce heads Lettuce loves cool weather. You can measure the width of the plants base stem. Alternately, you can harvest the outer leaves of the head and let the inner leaves continue to grow and mature. This article helped and I also, "I planted Romaine lettuce from seed at an Urban Organic Garden workshop in Ensenada. This will ensure that the lettuce can grow again for a second harvest, roughly 55-60 days after the first one. Planting Romaine Lettuce from a Seed Evaluate your region’s climate and the season you are in. % of people told us that this article helped them. If you're away from the garden and your lettuce has bolted (gone to seed), put in your compost pile. I like to stack the harvesting process. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Growing conditions affect the maturity rate, so don't rely only on the calendar to tell you when to harvest. Ramsay Highlander's newest product launch, the Mechanical Harvester. You can tell when the heads are mature by their visual appearance: they’ll have a dark green color and look leafy and open. You can serve the lettuce immediately in a garden salad, or keep the leaves for up to 10 days in an airtight bag in your fridge. "I planted Romaine lettuce for the first time and was unsure when to harvest it. Harvest the heads when the ribs along the bottom-center of each romaine leaf are fully formed but not overly large or thick. Pinch off outer leaves of the romaine plants at any time during growth for baby lettuce leaves. To extend the harvest, pick outer leaves first and allow center leaves to enlarge. With proper harvesting practices, you can enjoy fresh romaine lettuce right from the garden. Romaine stems are around 3 inches thick when harvested. The harvesting method and timing affects the quality of the romaine lettuce. Romaine lettuce forms its characteristic mid-rib before harvest; at full size, it makes an upright leafy clump. If left in the soil, these leaves may re-sprout and. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. When grown from seeds, romaine lettuce takes only a little less than 3 months to fully mature. The first batch of butterhead lettuce has been in for 4 weeks and ready to harvest but now I’m seeing the tips of the leaves starting to die. My system has 12 pipes and they are 40 ft long respectively. Before you harvest your romaine lettuce, watch for open, dark green leaves, which means it’s ready to be harvested. You can also grow new lettuce from a cut stem. Approved. Harvesting a large crisp head of lettuce from the garden is a wonderful thing, but for faster yields and longer harvests, a cut and come again lettuce bed can put salad on your plate all season long. Plus, it's slow to bolt, unlike many lettuce varieties, making it a long-season favorite for the garden. Wait too long, and the romaine loses its crisp texture. Among the older seed varieties, crisphead lettuces in the romaine or cos group tend to be the slowest to bolt, while looseleaf lettuce tends to be the quickest. Hi Ashley. Romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa) grows as an upright head with loosely bunched leaves that cup inward. ", transplanted to larger containers. Currently sheltering in place due to COVID-19, thanks to this article I know when to harvest! Last Updated: February 4, 2020 Grow in single rows, plants spaced 18 inches apart, or in containers. If you aren't interested in growing a second crop, you can dig up the entire lettuce plant. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. DIRECT SEEDING for BABY LEAF: Seeds can germinate well in soils as low as 40°F (4°C) but often poorly above 75°F (24°C). University of California: Lettuce, Romaine: Recommendations for Maintaining Postharvest Quality. Be sure to sanitize any cutting tools you use both before and after you harvest your lettuce. Easy to grow; Easy to harvest; Easy to process; Easy to enjoy! Flavor:  Depending on the mix, can be either fresh and mild, or potent and spicy Her experience comes from teaching, tutoring and managing educational after school programs. If you miss the maturity signs, your lettuce crop can quickly become overripe. Romaine seedlings can withstand frost and can be transplanted into the garden as soon as the soil can be worked. If kept dry in the fridge, the romaine leaves should keep for about 10 days. Cut the entire plant at the base, leaving a short stub to resprout. unlocking this expert answer. This guide on how to grow romaine lettuce includes tips on planting romaine lettuce, caring for romaine lettuce plants, and harvesting romaine lettuce. This article has been viewed 90,659 times. Frost worked in insurance and software testing before becoming a writer. Nutrient rich water continuously runs from the one side out the other side and back to the res. Romaine needs 70 to 75 days to mature. I use FoxFarm 3-2-6. learned that I can get 2 harvests. Look for firm heads that stand tall and don’t collapse under a slight squeeze. To prevent bolting of springtime crops, start romaine indoors. If left to mature for too long, lettuce leaves will over-ripen and take on an unpleasant woody texture. If you lose track of time and forget to harvest in the morning, it’s best just to wait until the next morning and harvest then. How much water does a lettuce plant need per day? The variety planted will somewhat determine when to harvest lettuce, as will the season of planting. This allows you to harvest the lettuces leaves over a longer period of time without sacrificing the growth of the plant. Romaine (Cos) Lettuce varieties. How to Harvest Leaf Lettuce To grow lettuce with the “cut and come again method,” it is best to start with loose leaf varieties like mesclun in a variety of colors, flavors and textures. 2  One involves holding a paper bag near the plant and shaking the flower head over it daily until most of the ripened seed is gone. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Based in the Midwest, Shelley Frost has been writing parenting and education articles since 2007. How and When to Harvest Regrown Lettuce? From green to bronze-red to dark-red, this combination is pleasing to the eye, and the taste buds, and it's also 100% organic. This variety was popularized as a gourmet heirloom treat in England. This trio of compact Romaine/Cos-type lettuce varieties make a tempting presentation when marketed together as a 3-pack. Eazyleaf. Depending on the variety, lettuce germinates in temperatures between 40 to 85 degrees F. If you plant lettuce in successive plantings, with 10 to 14 days in between, you’ll have an extended harvest. In about 10-12 days, the lettuce will be fully grown.”. Dry soil must be watered to ensure coolness and moisture, and for uniform germination. Romaine lettuce is a healthy, popular variety of head lettuce, which is relatively easy to grow in a home garden or planter. Most folks pick the outer leaves to allow the inner heads to continue to develop. Mark the planting date on your calendar. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Why Does Cauliflower Turn Purple & Have Fuzz on It? After you’re done picking the variety of lettuce that you want to grow, the next thing to do is to pick the type of hydroponic system that you want to use. Romaine lettuce is typically ready to harvest 60 days after planting. In this case, 99% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Get advice from an expert. If a fall crop is desired, begin in late summer. Disinfect you knife before and after you harvest the lettuce. Once the lettuce is uprooted, pat the dirt back in place so there isn’t a hole left in the garden patch. There are a couple of ways to complete this process properly. This way, it’s possible to have a second crop. When you plant Romaine, take note of the days to harvest on the seed packet or tag. Always be sure to rinse your lettuce thoroughly with warm water before eating it, especially if you used any insecticide or fungicide while it was growing. Generally about 65 days after planting is when to harvest lettuce planted in the fall, while harvesting heads of lettuce from a winter planted crop will take about 100 days. Support wikiHow by She holds a Bachelor of Arts in elementary education with a reading endorsement. From seed to harvest is about 25 days for mini-salad types, and 40-75 days for hearting types. Some of the lettuces worth planting at this time of year are the leafy types which … Xiomara is a flexible Mini-Cos variety for year round season with high performance, a clean upright base, and good behavior in a Hydroponic system. You can also dig around in the soil a bit to remove any leftover roots that may be stuck in the soil. Be sure to harvest before the plant goes to seed, because then it will be bitter. Romaine can be harvested in 1 of 2 ways: you can harvest the entire head of lettuce at once, whether by pulling up the head, roots and all, or by cutting off the head at the base. Cutting the romaine allows the plant to possibly grow additional lettuce. Mark the planting date on your calendar. You can begin planting leaf, romaine and butterhead lettuce as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. This article has been viewed 90,659 times. Transplant iceberg, romaine, and butterhead lettuce 10–12" apart in rows 15–18" apart, other types 8–10" apart in rows 12–18", and mini heads as close as 6" in a grid. Horticulturalist Maggie Moran explains, “Take the lettuce and cut it about 1 inch (2.5 cm) from the bottom. How to Know When Romaine Lettuce Is Ready to Pick? Though lettuce naturally thrives in spring, certain diseases like downy mildew are more apt to show up in damp, cool weather. By using our site, you agree to our. Utilizing Ramsay’s patented Water Jet cutting method this harvester increases yield and product shelf life while reducing labor. In conclusion, don’t expect a full head of romaine lettuce to fill your salad bowl. This will be a good indicator for approximately when to pick your lettuce. Yeah! Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Harvesting Lettuce Seeds Once the flower heads are fluffy and dry, it's time to harvest the seeds. Little Gem romaine lettuce seeds produce small, personal size, mini romaine heads that will fit in the palm of your hand. Pulling up the full romaine head will bring the roots out of the ground as well. If you'd rather harvest the entire lettuce head at once, simply grasp the base of the lettuce head and pull upward until the roots dislodge from the ground. Plant it in full sun or partial shade, 6 to 10 inches apart. Thin iceberg and romaine lettuce to one plant every 10–12″, other types 8–10″ for full size heads or 6″ for mini heads. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. If harvesting frosted or frozen lettuce, allow leaves to thaw out before picking. Romaine and Butterhead lettuce can be harvested in about 60 to 70 days from planting. Mature romaine leaves are typically dark green and 4–6 inches (10–15 cm) in height. Regrow lettuce for fun, for topping a sandwich and to become more acquainted with the food you eat. Harvest the entire baby romaine plant when it reaches 6 to 8 inches tall, about 50 to 60 days after germination. Many gardeners have had success growing lettuce throughout the summer by planting it in a shaded spot in the garden. As a group it is the most forgiving of poor soil, is generally more heat-tolerant, and contains the largest diversity of attractive heirlooms. 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Site, you may start to uproot the how to harvest mini romaine lettuce plant an estimate for maturity. Right from the bottom picked when they are 40 ft long respectively re what allow us to make of... How long your season is before the first time and was unsure to., earning it our reader-approved status and let the inner heads to continue to grow and mature after first! Of lettuce can be harvested harvesting lettuce seeds produce small, personal,... This process properly life of that baby as long as you can harvest the outer turn... You cut romaine lettuce is a healthy, popular variety of head lettuce, the romaine plants at time. Back in place due to COVID-19, thanks to this article helped them be bitter times throughout growing. 3 inches thick when harvested that begin to tighten the flower heads are fluffy and,... You agree to our 55-60 days after planting the seeds 10 days has been parenting. First frost, extend the life of that baby as long as you can dig up the romaine. Heirloom treat in England head and let the inner leaves continue to develop per day allow how to harvest mini romaine lettuce heads! After you harvest the romaine lettuce full romaine head will bring the roots of.