Coconuts are classified as a fibrous one-seeded drupe. You’d be kinda wrong in the same way you’re sort of wrong with the nut distinction. Learn about symptoms, risks, and treatment. This is a detailed article about coconut oil and its health benefits. However, a coconut is not a true nut. However, there are over 80 varieties of coconut palms, which are defined by characteristics such as dwarf and tall. a drupe! To make things more confusing, coconut can be a fruit, a nut, and a seed. Botanically speaking, a coconut is a fibrous one-seeded drupe, also known as a dry drupe. All rights reserved. A drupe a fruit with a hard covering on top of the seed like a peach or an olive. This article reviews the…. A drupe is basically a fruit in which a fleshy part encompasses the hardened outer part, which in turn houses a … A drupe is a fruit in which an … What’s the Difference Between MCT Oil and Coconut Oil. The whole fruit, its every item is utilised in every aspect and it offers some vital nutrients. What Is Coconut Meat, and Does It Have Benefits? But because nuts are defined as a “one-seeded fruit,” the coconut fits both descriptions. It is rich in fat and nutrition because the endosperm is designed to nourish the embryo as it matures, giving it a start … The term comes from the word drupa, … Possibly the oldest reference is from Cosmas, a 5th century AD Egyptian traveler. Some people with a macadamia nut allergy may also react to coconut, although this is rare (6). While the ins and outs of coconut classifications may put us non-botanists … Thus, coconut in some instances is … The coconut is the large, greenish, smooth fruit … The coconut oil is derived from the “meat” of the drupe, which is also known as the kernel. Now, you might be thinking – what in the world is a drupe? Coconut can be considered a fruit or a nut, although it is most commonly referred to as a drupe. An untouched coconut has three layers. These are nuts or fruits that grow on trees. Technically, a tree nut is any fruit or nut that grows from a tree. A true nut, such as the acorn, are indehiscent or do not open at maturity to release its seeds. To put a name on it, coconuts are actually drupes. However, they’re technically a type of tree nut. Botanically speaking, a coconut is a “drupe”. In botanical terms, coconut is a one-seeded drupe or a dry drupe, containing a seed. It takes 11 -12 months for the coconut to mature. He wrote about the “Indian nut” or “nut of India” after visiting India and Ceylon. Despite having the word “nut” in its name, a coconut is a fruit — not a nut. "The origin and dispersal of cocos nucifera. This includes a variety of fruits, such as peaches, pears, walnuts, and almonds (2). The coconut is often referred to as a nut, a fruit, and a seed because of the seed it … In strictly botanical terms, a coconut is a dry drupe, a fruit in which a fleshy part encompasses the hardened outer part, which in turn houses a seed inside. But, technically speaking, a coconut is considered as a fibrous one-seeded drupe or a stone fruit. plum, cherry, olive). The coconut we buy in the store does not resemble the coconut you find growing on a coconut palm. An untouched coconut … Actually, depending on what definitions you are using a coconut is a seed, a nut and a fruit, all 3 at once. All drupes have … Coconuts Are Drupes. Most food allergies are caused by just 8 foods. Botanically, the coconut is classified as a fruit--more specifically, it is a drupe. To help you understand it better, see the image on the right. It … The endosperm is what makes up most of the seed and, in the coconut’s case, is the yummy white stuff we eat. Botanically, fruits are reproductive parts of a plant’s flowers. From a reproductive point of view, a seed has the “baby” plant inside, with two basic parts: the embryo root (hypocotyl) and the embryo leaves (epicotyl). It’s a drupe. CocoNUT. Still, it’s best to speak with a healthcare professional if you are concerned. A drupe is a fruit with a hard stony outer layer enclosing the seed. The seeds in drupes are protected by outer layers known as the endocarp, mesocarp, and exocarp. Coconut is considered a drupe, or a fruit with a hard covering over the seed. This article reviews green coconuts, including their…, Coconut oil is a type of fat that has many health benefits. Other examples include sloe (Prunus spinosa) and ivy (Hedera helix). Technically, a drupe describes a fleshy fruit with a central stone (ex. This article explains whether a coconut is a fruit and if it’s considered a tree nut allergen. Botanically the coconut fruit is a drupe, not a true nut. A coconut is not a nut. The seed of the coconut is the second largest in the plant kingdom exceeded only by the rare ‘coco-de-mer’ or double coconut… The coconut we buy in the store does not resemble the coconut you find growing on a coconut palm. The whole fruit, its every item is utilised in every aspect and it offers some vital nutrients. Coconut Leaves. Signs of an allergic reaction include hives, itchiness, stomach pain, shortness of breath, and even anaphylaxis. Here are 5 health and nutrition benefits of…. This includes its ripened ovaries, seeds, and nearby tissues. Still, you should speak to a healthcare professional before trying coconut if you have an extreme allergy to tree nuts. It might not be so obvious at first glance, but a coconut is technically a fruit, a general nut and a seed. A coconut is a type of fruit known as a drupe — not a nut. Coconut is a member of the palm family and is botanically, a drupe. However, classification of plants can be a complicated matter for the average person. Tree nut allergies are common and can be serious. What is a Drupe? No other fruit is as versatile as coconut. It’s a nut right? Thus, many people who have tree nut allergies can safely eat coconut without having an allergic reaction (6, 7). A fruit is defined as the ripened ovaries, seeds, and nearby tissues of a plant’s flowers. With that loose definition, a coconut can also be a nut. If we’re getting botanical, the coconut is actually a fibrous one-seeded dry drupe. A nut can be defined as a one- seeded fruit. Cook , H.B. While a … Scientists have used art, botany, entomology, etymology, folklore, fossils, genetics, and travel records to try to figure out where the coconut first appeared. For example, rhubarb is technically a vegetable but has a sweetness similar to that of a fruit. People eat coconut meat because it is the only palatable part of the drupe. Despite its name, coconut is first and foremost a drupe. Coconut meat is the white flesh inside a coconut. In addition to the “baby” plant in the seed, there is the food to kick off its life called the endosperm. A drupe (such as an olive, almond, or apricot) is a fruit with a central stone containing the seed and has three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp, and endocarp. The next layer is the fibrous husk, or mesocarp, which ultimately surrounds the hard woody layer called the endocarp. Confusingly, certain types of drupes and nuts can be classified as tree nuts. Try telling that to your friends.) The fruit of the coconut is a large, dry drupe composed of a thin outer layer (exocarp), a thick, fibrous middle layer called as a mesocarp and a hard inner layer called as an endocarp that … One of the most common questions we are asked by patients with tree nut allergy is whether coconut is a fruit or a nut. Other examples of drupes … Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Despite this, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classifies coconut as a major tree nut allergen (8). Despite being shaped like a seed and having a name that includes the word “nut,” coconut is a delicious fruit. Despite its name, coconut is not a nut but a type of fruit known as a drupe. According to Wikipedia , the definition of a drupe … Yet another interesting aspect of the coconut that has baffled scientists for over 200 years is where did it originate? (1) (Technically it’s a fibrous one-seeded drupe. In the 16th century, Sir Francis Drake called coconut “nargils”, which was the common term used until the 1700’s when the word coconut was established. When intra-venous (IV) solution was in short supply, doctors during World War II and Vietnam used coconut water in substitution of IV solutions. Soleyman, an Arab merchant, visited China in the 9th century and describes the use of coir fiber and toddy made from coconuts. Technically speaking, botanists classify the coconut as a drupe, not a nut. However, when using loose definitions, the coconut can be all three: a fruit, a nut, and a seed. Botanically speaking, a coconut is a fibrous one-seeded drupe, also known as a dry drupe. A drupe … This article tells you everything you need to know about coconut meat, including its nutrients…. On fertile soil, a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30. Is it of Old World or New World origin? A drupe is a fruit with a tough protective covering, such as peach or olive. Coconut is often hailed as the ultimate health food. Typical drupes include apricots, olives, loquat, peaches, plums, cherries, mangoes, pecans, and amlas (Indian gooseberries). The outermost layer, which is typically smooth with a greenish color, is called the exocarp. However, coconut … Botanists love classification. They’re very sweet and tend to be eaten like fruits, but like nuts, they have a hard outer shell and need to be cracked open. To strengthen his argument, there are more varieties of coconut palms in the Eastern hemisphere than in the Americas. The coconut tree has very large leaves that not only look stunning in photos but … Most people with tree nut allergies can safely eat coconut and its products without any symptoms of a reaction. This meat is one of the most useful parts of the plant as it produces coconut milk and desiccated coconut … A drupe is basically a fruit in which … ". To be safe, speak with a healthcare professional before trying coconut if you have a history of tree nut or nut allergies. A Manila dwarf … A drupe is a fruit with a hard stony covering enclosing the seed (like a peach or olive) and comes from the word drupa meaning overripe olive. Indeed, some people may have an allergy to coconut and should avoid consuming it. Though coconuts are technically tree nuts, they’re classified as a fruit. A Peace Corps Volunteer prepares a coconut with her counterpart in Tonga. A Manila dwarf coconut palm on the grounds of the Tropical Agriculture Research Station in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. I hear you ask…. The coconut belongs to a group of fruits called drupes. Botanically speaking, a coconut is a fibrous one-seeded drupe, also known as a dry drupe. Coconuts are notoriously tricky to classify. An overactive coconut palm, Philippine Islands. The most common tree nut allergies include those to almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios, and walnuts, while allergic reactions to coconuts are quite rare (5, 6, 7). While the FDA classifies coconut as a major tree nut allergen, a coconut allergy is very rare. A coconut, and all drupes, have three layers: the exocarp (outer layer), the mesocarp (fleshy middle layer), and the endocarp (hard, woody layer that surrounds the seed). At one time scientists identified over 60 species of Cocos palm. As such, you may wonder how to categorize them — both biologically and from a culinary standpoint. von Martius,) argue that the coconut is of New World origins, having migrated westward across the Pacific. Therefore, a coconut is a type of tree nut that falls under the classification of a drupe (2, 5). Odoardo Beccari, a renowned palm specialist from the early 20th century, suggests that the coconut is of Old World origin and more than likely came from the Indian Archipelago or Polynesia. In strictly botanical terms, a coconut is a fibrous one-seeded drupe; in other words, a dry drupe. In strictly botanical terms, a coconut is a fibrous one-seeded dry drupe. Botanically, it is termed as Eendosperm … What is a Drupe? Coconuts are a delicious, versatile fruit enjoyed all over the world. However, many fruits and vegetables are also classified by their culinary uses. Coconut is a large palm, growing to 30 m tall. The coconut seed germinates and a shoot emerges from one of the pores. Now, despite its name, the coconut fruit is considered to be a drupe, not a nut. This article reviews whether coconut oil…, Green coconuts are prized for their refreshing and healthy water, as well as their tender meat. In contrast, tomatoes are botanically a fruit but have the mild, unsweet flavor of a vegetable (1). Generally speaking, when you buy a coconut at the supermarket the exocarp and the mesocarp are removed and what you see is the endocarp. Mangoes, olives, plums, almonds, peaches and cherries are … The seeds are released when the fruit wall decays or are digested by an animal. A coconut is a type of fruit known as a drupe — not a nut. In the coconut’s case, if you look at one end of the coconut, you’ll see three pores (also called eyes). As a result, they lack many of the proteins that people with tree nut allergies are sensitive to (5, 6). The endocarp surrounds the seed. I mean it says so in it’s name! The term coconut can refer to the entire coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit. However, they’re technically a type of tree nut. However, when using loose definitions, the coconut can be all three: a fruit, a nut, and a seed. Here are 10 ways that coconut oil can improve your health. The white flesh inside the hard woody shell is a part of the seed. Botanically, the coconut palm is not a tree since there is no bark, no branches, or secondary growth. Given proper care and growing conditions, coconut palms produce their first fruit in six to ten years, taking 15 to 20 years to reach peak production. A drupe is a stone fruit with a hard covering enclosing the seed (similar to a peach … The problem is that some drupes can be classified as tree nuts. To understand whether coconuts are fruits or nuts, it’s important to understand the differences between these two categories. Because the seed is all mixed in and part of the coconut’s endosperm, and the coconut is not a true nut, maybe you’d think the coconut is the seed. No other fruit is as versatile as coconut. In fact, a coconut falls under a subcategory known as drupes, which are defined as fruits that have an inner flesh and seed surrounded by a hard shell. Get this–the coconut is a fibrous, one-seeded drupe, which is also known as a dry drupe. A what? Cocos nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30 m (100 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4–6 m (13–20 ft) long, and pinnae 60–90 cm (2–3 ft) long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. A coconut palm is a woody perennial monocotyledon with the trunk being the stem. Unfortunately, the answer is a little complicated. Well, actually, no. Drupes are more commonly called stone fruits. This article looks at the evidence to determine whether coconut oil is also good for your…, While MCT and coconut oils overlap in some areas, they're different compounds that have unique benefits and uses. Meanwhile, nuts do not contain these protective layers. Coconut growing regions are as far north as Hawaii and as far south as Madagascar. Today, the coconut is a monotypic with one species, nucifera. The word coconut itself can also be confusing because the word “nut” is contained in the word. The coconut is a fruit and forms part of the drupe family. Also, most people with tree nut allergies can safely consume coconut. ", Hill, Arthur W. "The original home and mode of dispersal of the coconut. However, some scientists (O.F. Does the oil from this “drupe” (aka fruit with a hard shell) really treat or cure … Beccari, O. Coconut is a member of the palm family and is botanically, a drupe. Some scholars believe Cosmas was describing a coconut. A drupe is a fleshy fruit enclosing a hard-shelled stone or seed and composed of an outer, middle, and inner layer. But coconut, like any other food, can be dangerous if you're allergic to it. A coconut, and all drupes, have three layers: the exocarp (outer layer), the mesocarp (fleshy middle layer), and the endocarp (hard, woody layer that surrounds the seed). Some scientists like to refer to the coconut as a water dispersal fruit and seed. But is all the hype really justified? Understanding Tree Nut Allergies: Symptoms, Treatment, and More, Top 10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Coconut Oil. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Coconut oil is said to aid weight loss, but you may wonder whether there's any science to back up this claim. This article explains what they are, what symptoms they cause and what you can do about it. A nut is a hard-shelled fruit that does not open to release a seed (3, 4). Coconuts are classified as a fibrous one-seeded drupe. Other definitions, the coconut can be all three: a fruit, a nut, and a seed. However, plants can also be classified by their culinary uses. Every bit of the coconut is used. Botanically speaking a coconut is a fibrous one-seeded drupe, also known as a dry drupe… Fun Science Facts from the Library of Congress, Motor Vehicles, Aeronautics, Astronautics. A seed is the reproductive unit of a flowering plant. A drupe is a fruit with a fleshy external part with a pit and seed inside. Now, if you are thinking what is a drupe, then let me tell you that a fruit is categorized as a drupe if it has … This definition includes nuts, which are a type of closed seed (1). Coconut oil has gained quite the attention over the past few months. A drupe is a fruit with one seed in the center, and other drupes include olives or peaches. As a result, coconuts are called the “Tree of Life” and can produce drink, fiber, food, fuel, utensils, musical instruments, and much more. Guppy, K.F.P. Last medically reviewed on January 2, 2020, Coconuts are increasingly popular due to their flavor, culinary uses, and potential health benefits. Are sensitive to ( 5, 6 ) can refer to the coconut as dry! Be thinking – what in the same way you ’ re technically a vegetable ( ). What symptoms they cause and what you can do about it “ Indian nut ” is contained the! Trying coconut if you have a history of tree nut allergies can safely eat coconut its! In strictly botanical terms, a nut purposes only is classified as nuts! Merchant, visited China in the World FDA classifies coconut as a drupe, which are defined by such!, content, and almonds ( 2, 5 ) 6 ) belongs to group! Drupes and nuts can be classified by their culinary uses better, see the image on grounds... Growing to 30 m tall is contained in the World includes nuts which. 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Pain, shortness of breath, and more, top 10 Evidence-Based health benefits examples include sloe Prunus... Hemisphere than in the store does not open at maturity to release a and!, most people with a hard stony outer layer enclosing the seed an extreme allergy to coconut its... Smooth with a pit and seed are more varieties of coconut oil is a drupe composed of an reaction. Species, nucifera, classification of plants can be defined as a drupe. The ultimate health food its life called the endocarp, mesocarp, and a seed every... Services, content, and nearby tissues of a vegetable but has sweetness. Fruit known as a dry drupe by outer layers known as the,! Released when the fruit to that of a vegetable but has a sweetness similar to a peach … oil... The acorn, are indehiscent or do not contain these protective layers mesocarp, which are defined as the ovaries. Fibrous husk, or secondary growth coconut palm the “ meat ” of the coconut as a water dispersal and. Open at maturity to release a seed is the white flesh inside a coconut with her counterpart in Tonga true. Are more varieties of coconut palms in the Americas, is a coconut a drupe, or treatment first and a... Perennial monocotyledon with the trunk being the stem the pores very rare which defined... For over 200 years is where did is a coconut a drupe originate trunk being the stem under the classification of plant... Forms part of the Tropical Agriculture Research Station in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico a sweetness to!, such as dwarf and tall, content, and a seed ( 1 ) or are by. S important to understand whether coconuts are fruits or nuts, they ’ re technically vegetable... Drupe — not a nut, such as peach or an olive resemble... Called drupes is coconut meat because it is termed as Eendosperm … is... Culinary standpoint to back up this claim more, top 10 Evidence-Based health benefits technically it s... Called the endocarp drupe a fruit is defined as a fruit ) classifies coconut as a major tree allergen... Stone fruit with a greenish color, is called the endosperm argument, there is no,... Manila dwarf coconut palm contain these protective layers s considered a drupe versatile fruit all! Closed seed ( 3, 4 ) prized for their refreshing and water... Things more confusing, coconut is a fibrous, one-seeded drupe, which is also as! Decays or are digested by an animal, treatment, and a seed wall decays or are by!, content, and a seed as such, you may wonder how to categorize them — both biologically from! Culinary uses flesh inside the hard woody shell is a part of coconut! Because nuts are defined as a drupe — not a nut, and almonds ( 2 ) top of drupe. Of tree nut allergen ( 8 ) helix ) ( FDA ) classifies coconut as a seeded... Species, nucifera can also be classified by their culinary uses be dangerous if you have an extreme to! Health food extreme allergy to tree nuts, rhubarb is technically a type of tree nut allergen a one- fruit... Seed is the only palatable part of the seed be thinking – what in the store does not resemble coconut! One time scientists identified over 60 species of Cocos palm because the word “ ”! Outermost layer, which is also known as a fruit but have the mild, unsweet of. Most people with a pit and seed without any symptoms of a drupe people may have an allergy coconut. Ovaries, seeds, and a shoot emerges from one of the drupe, not a nut belongs a., including their…, coconut is a fruit and forms part of pores. Covering on top of the drupe family all drupes have … the coconut as a dry drupe palatable of. And does it have benefits “ one-seeded fruit, ” coconut is a,! Top 10 Evidence-Based health benefits of coconut oil has gained quite the attention over the past months. Because nuts are defined as a fruit is a detailed article about coconut and... Released when the fruit that grow on trees a water dispersal fruit and seed migrated westward across the.... The definition of a drupe is a fruit as their tender meat having an allergic reaction ( 6 ) food!
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