Oncidium deltoideum is an epiphytic orchid from the genus Oncidium. Blooming Equitant Oncidium Orchids | Orchid Plant Care, OrchidPlantCare.info's profile on Pinterest. These oval, broad and spongy leaves act as storage organs. at the base: Lvs. Miniature Oncidiums, the most popular being Oncidium Twinkle, have a remarkable number of flowers for such a small plant.Miniature Oncidiums prefer to be in a small, tight pot and will dry out very quickly. Oncidiums require more sun and air than most orchids. Some species of Oncidium are easier to grow than others. They are mainly epiphytes and prefer slightly drier conditions than most other orchids. Their flowers are most complicated with exquisite colors. Calls are made for splitting this genus into multiple genera. They have no pseudobulbs, giving fan-shaped shoots of less than 15 cm, with triangular section leaves. Water the plant right before the potting mix starts to dry. These range from cool-growing miniatures to huge specimen plants growing in hot conditions year round. Oncidium auricula; Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae: Clade: : Tracheophytes: Clade: : Angiosperms: Clade: : Monocots: Order: Asparagales: Family: Orchidaceae Epiphytal orchids for greenhouse growing. It is a bit of a challenge keeping these little guys moist enough. They range in size from small erect forms, scarcely 6 in. Contact Us Mailing Address: American Orchid Society PO Box 565477 Miami, FL 33256-5477 Visits: American Orchid Society Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Few growers succeed in maintaining them in good condition for any great length of time. The petals are often ruffled on the edges, as is the lip. From Gardenology.org - Plant Encyclopedia and Gardening wiki. "" For classification purposes and to understand the names of orchids around the world it is best to remember the following points. because of the raceme’s colorful bursts of flowers. They come in many colors (white, green, purple, pink, yellow and more) and require a fairly warm environment. This means there’s a huge variety of different types, each with their own slightly different care requirements. The flowers appear in shades of white, pink, red, green, yellow, orange, and purple. This genus is very large and diverse, making it difficult to give overall generalizations, so it is often wise to look up a particular species rather than the genus as whole, when looking for particular care information. Oncidium is a variety of orchid which gets its name from the Greek word ‘onkos’ which means ‘swelling’. With a shape that is similar to a dancing lady, the Oncidium orchid is low-maintenance and easy to grow, and it comes in stunning colors such as bright yellow and gold. The Plant List includes a further 216 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Oncidium.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. The Oncidium orchid can be a little trickier to care for than other orchids. TEMPERATURE: Oncidiums prefer temperatures around 55-60ºF at night, and 80-85ºF during the day. Their large roots make them prone to rot but their striking beauty makes them worth the hassle. 60-75°F is a good daytime temperature, and they appreciate a 10-15°F drop at night (6-8C). There is much variation in appearance between Catasetum species, but one feature they all have in common is the trait of produci… The most commonly identified Oncidium are the yellow “dancing lady” type. They can be divided in three categories, according to their growth pattern : Oncidium species are characterised by the following properties : The flowers of the Oncidium genus come in shades of yellow, red, white and pink. © 2018 orchidplantcare.info. Overwatering as … Care and Culture, Classification The genus Oncidium (pronounced on-SID-ee-um) is most commonly known for its clusters of delicate flowers that are often fragrant and rich in color. Stock is increased by division or notching the rhizome between the pseudobulbs just before the growing season, allowing about three or four pseudobulbs to each piece and separating the parts after the first growth is matured. Amer., and in the W. Indies. The cattleya orchid (Cattleya aclandiae) group is known for large, showy, and sometimes fragrant flowers.The gigantic blossoms on these stunning orchids can measure up to 8 inches across, and they come in a wide variety of colors and patterns. Pseudobulbs usually present, wanting in a few species, 1-2-lvd., with sheathing Lvs. Temperature Provide cool-to-intermediate temperatures. Oncidium orchids are characterized by the wort-like formation on their lip (from which they are named), having pseudobulbs with 1-3 leaves, flowers whose petals have wavy edges, and flowers that bloom in shades of yellow, white, red, and pink. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . Should be … Photo by Duane Erdmann. Arcula no. Oncidium haitiense (Hispaniola) (now synonym of Tolumnia haitensis) Oncidium hannelorae (Windward Is.-(Dominica). Oncidiums are often referred to as spray orchids, because of the raceme’s colorful bursts of flowers. It’s important to know how to water your orchid. Oncidium (Greek, a tubercle; alluding to the crest on the labellum). Statistics. Dendrobium Burana Glow (den-phal type). The petals and the lip are membranaceous. The plants in all cases must be securely fastened, and the compost must be pressed in moderately firm, but should be used sparingly. This page was last modified on 20 February 2010, at 19:16. Luckily for us, Oncidiums adjust well to indoor environments and with a little loving care can be a beautiful addition to any home. they form the Oncidium alliance. Their stems are tall and smooth, and their leaves are a vibrant green. The lip is enormous, partially blocking the small petals and sepals. The benches may be of either wood or stone, and should be covered an inch or two in depth with sand, ashes or gravel. The Sarcoptera section, which embraces such species as O. Cavendishianum, O. Lanceanum, O. luridum, 0. pulvinatum and others of similar structure, and the O. Papilio section, with O. ampliatum, may be successfully grown in a bright warm portion of the cattleya department in small baskets suspended from the roof, using for a compost a mixture of clean chopped peat and sphagnum moss, freely interspersed with lumps of broken charcoal. Such a house should be a span-roof structure of east and west exposure, at an angle of about 40°, which will admit the longest possible light. Cattleya is a sympodial orchid that grows from an underground rhizome. All Rights Reserved. The stock is constantly renewed from the tropics. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Orchidaceae. They usually occur in seasonally dry areas. History and Origin of Oncidium Orchids . They are very varied and are easily hybridised with Odontoglossum. Use either at the rate of one teaspoon per gallon of water if fertilizing every third … These orchids are now classified as, Harry Zelenko :The Pictorial Encyclopaedia of Oncidium (1997). plane, terete or triangular: petals like the dorsal sepal but often much larger; lateral sepals either free or partially united; labellum variable, but never with its base parallel to the column (Odontoglossum), spreading nearly at right angles to the column; column short, winged.—A broad genus with over 300 species distributed in Mex., Cent, and Trop. See more ideas about Oncidium orchids, Oncidium, Orchids. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text. The tiny species, such as O. Limminghii, do best on blocks with little compost beneath them. Ventilators should be arranged on both sides of the roof: air may then be freely admitted without causing direct drafts on the plants by using the ventilators on the sheltered side. Dendrobium is a massive genus containing more than (conservatively) 900 species. Submit your photo to be featured on the blog! Some Oncidium orchids are very long : Oncidum altissimum and Oncidium baueri can grow to a height of 5 m, while Oncidum sarcodes can reach 3 m. They are known as 'spray orchids' among some florists. This genus was first described by Olof Swartz in 1800 with the orchid Oncidium altissimum, which has become the type species. Oncidium s like a intermediate-to-high lighting. Phalaenopsis, The Genus - Beginner's Handbook, XXIII This article first in the American Orchid Society BULLETIN in November of 1956 as part of a multi-part handbook. The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. The general habit of the plants is no less variable than the fls. The sepals and petals vary in size in relation to each other and to the rest of the fl. East, west, or south windows are good locations for your orchid. POTTING: Use medium grade potting mix and repot when your orchid’s has finished flowering and new growth has begun to appear (usually during Spring). (Taxonomists will probably eventually split it into several smaller genera, but with so many types of orchids it's a massive undertaking!) in height (O. pumilum), to those resembling 0. altissimum, with immense climbing panicles 9-12 ft. high and covered with numerous medium-sized fls. Overhead syringing should be given frequently, about once or twice a day in bright weather, but care must be taken not to keep the compost too wet, for the roots are liable to decay: it is advisable to let them dry out occasionally. Oncidium orchids with large/thick roots and leaves will require more frequent watering and those with thin/small leaves can be watered less frequently. They must have abundant light and definite dry periods between waterings. If the leaves are dark green, give it more light. The stary-shaped flowers are more reminiscent of a Brassia or a Miltonia than an Oncidium. Calls are made for splitting this genus into multiple genera. Place your Oncidium a bit closer to the window than you would a Phal. (Higher temperatures are tolerated only if there is good air movement). It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. The genus Oncidium embraces a great number of species which are found growing under such peculiar and varied conditions in their native homes that imitation of the same is usually impracticable and often quite impossible. Common Name The Birds Beak Oncidium Flower Size 3/4" [to 2 cm] This is a northern Central American, cool to warm growing species that grows as an epiphyte in humid forests at altitudes up to 1500 meters and likes a semi-winter rest. Oncidium orchids grow natively from Southern Florida into Mexico and through to Central and South America. We also recommend Oncidium flexuosum, which requires less watering and fertilizer than most other species. The variety called Sharry Baby has a chocolate-like scent, and although simple to grow, the Oncidium orchid does require a lot of moisture and humidity to thrive. Most species in the Oncidium genus are epiphytes, although some are lithophytes or terrestrials. This genus is very large and diverse, making it difficult to give overall generalizations, so it is often wise to look up a particular species rather than the genus as whole, when looking for particular care information. Contents[show] Description Plants blooms in the spring with six to twelve 1.5 cm wide flowers. The genus Oncidium (pronounced on-SID-ee-um) is most commonly known for its clusters of delicate flowers that are often fragrant and rich in color. Oncidium, abbreviated as Onc in horticultural trade, is a genus that contains about 330 species of orchids from the subfamily Epidendroideae of the orchid family (Orchidaceae). Click on names to … If you have a brassavola orchid like this one in your home or garden, you may smell it before you see it. Together with other closely related genera (Cochlioda, Miltonia, Cuitlauzina, Miltoniopsis, Osmoglossum, Leochilus, Comparettia, Cyrtochilum, Odontoglossum, Tolumnia, Rhynchostele [formerly Lemboglossum], Psychopsis, etc.) Oncidium flexuosum. Your email address will not be published. An informative site about orchid (Orchidaceae) classification, growth and care requirements, propagation, blooming, diseases and insects, photographs, and product reviews. Required fields are marked *. Its name is derived from the Greek word "onkos", meaning "swelling". Oncidium Orchid. This will give the orchid adequate time to dry before the lower night temperature sets in. This refers to the callus at the lower lip. Hybrid Classification ... use CalMag 15-5-15. An Oncidiumorchid should be watered in the morning using tepid water. Clean chopped peat fiber and live sphagnum moss, equal parts, make the best general growing material, and this should be liberally interspersed with broken pieces of charcoal. Its name is derived from the Greek word "onkos", meaning "swelling". Distribution Plants are found in Ecuador and Peru at elevations around 1800 to 2100 meters Culture Grow in cool to warm conditions with moderate to bright light. If using municipal water with pH of 7.5 or lower, use GrowMore Ureafree 20-10-20. If they're reddish, give it a bit less light. In range of altitude the genus extends from the hot coast regions to elevations of 12,000 ft. in the Andes. Koniger, W. 2003. If you are also growing Phalaenopsis alongside an Oncidium, keep in mind that the Oncidium is a medium-light orchid, while your Phal is a low-light orchid. LIGHT: Oncidium orchids like bright light (anywhere from 2000-6000 foot candles, depending on the variety). From March until October, shading must be applied to the glass sufficiently heavy to keep down the temperature without excluding indirect solar influence. is yellow, spotted and barred with brown. A fair degree of success, however, may be obtained by careful observation and distribution of the exceptionally difficult species among the several orchid departments. Still, they are relatively easy to grow and have a generous bloom. Species and variety names are always in lower … In fact, one bloom spike can look great for four months or more. Oncidium hagsaterianum (Mexico to Guatemala). Yellow Oncidium Orchid Flower Oncidium Flexuosum Sims Stock Photo Picture And Royalty Free Image Image 14630759 If your Catasetum orchid leaves begin to yellow and drop off, do not despair; this deciduous orchid loses its leaves naturally during winter dormancy. 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