While the checkpoint blockade was meant to impact Morocco, it is worth noting that such cross-border trade affects the food security of not just Morocco but, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Niger and Mali. Morocco's economy currently relies far more on tourism than it does on the Western Sahara. This content is not available in your region, Polisario Front declares war on Morocco over Western Sahara region, Soldiers next to armored vehicles in Western Sahara. After a full month of work the 15-member jury has given its verdicts in the 11th Havana Times Photo Contest. The Western Sahara's Polisario Front group said on Friday that Morocco had broken their ceasefire and "ignited war", but Rabat denied there had been any armed clashes between the sides and said the three-decade truce remained in place. This blockade stranded some 200 Moroccan truck drivers and trade with Morocco and parties across West Africa and the Sahel. The Western Sahara's Polisario Front group said on Friday that Morocco had broken their ceasefire and "ignited war", but Rabat denied there had been … Western Sahara separatists say Morocco has invaded a buffer zone, but Moroccan army says the Front is … RELATED: Moroccan Social Movements Mobilize Under the Glare of COP22. Western Sahara, which is home to the Sahrawi nomadic ethnic group, is a long disputed region, stretching between Morocco, Mauritania and Algeria. If Polisario had hoped to capture international attention with the conflict, they might have been badly misguided. Photo: AFP Home/Africa/ Moroccan Army Launches Operation in Western Sahara … Western Sahara: "Algeria's Position Towards Saharawi Issue Reflects Its Commitment to Respect International Law" (Algerian Official) SPS, 22 October 2020. The Western Sahara's Polisario Front group said on Friday that Morocco had broken their ceasefire and "ignited war", but Rabat denied there had been any armed clashes and said the three-decade truce remained in place. By Joseph Hammond* HAVANA TIMES – Renewed clashes between Polisario, a leftist rebel group, and Morocco is the latest armed confrontation riling the African continent. After the departure of Spanish colonial power in the 1970s, Morocco annexed over three-quarters of Western Sahara. The Polisario Front Friday declared war on Morocco, according to an official statement from the Sahrawi Republic, assuring that it is the "firm response" to the Kingdom of Morocco after an incursion by its army which attacked Sahrawi civilian demonstrators in the Guerguerat gap, south of Western Sahara. Known to some as Africa's last colony, nearly 80 per cent of Western Sahara was annexed by Morocco back in 1975. Our photo of the day: “Friends in Varadero, Cuba” was taken by Ide Wilson Guimaraes (Canada) using a Google Pixel 2 XL camera. Salmi Gailani was born in 1991, the year that Morocco agreed to a ceasefire with the rebels of the Polisario Front after almost two decades of warfare in Western Sahara. The Polisario movement seeking independence for Western Sahara said on Friday that Morocco has broken the 1991 ceasefire between them and had "begun the battle and ignited the war". Polisario Front & Morocco Renew War in Western Sahara. It has worked hard in recent years to gather international support for its Autonomy Plan, submitted to the UN Secretary-General in 2007. The past few months have seen an increase in insurgent activities in Mozambique and an outbreak of a new war in Ethiopia. Morocco then occupied the rest of the territory, insisting that Western Sahara was an integral part of the country. November 30, 2020 November 30, 2020 Circles Robinson 0 Comments Joseph Hammond. Morocco broke the cease-fire by entering the buffer zone, attacking the nonviolent protesters, and re-opened the illegal border trade route. The past few months have seen an increase in insurgent activities in Mozambique and an outbreak of a new war in Ethiopia. Western Sahara is thus not a case of frozen conflict – but rather, of a war of attrition. Polisario’s declaration of war comes following a recent United Nations report which called on to respect the terms of its ceasefire and highlighted those freedom of movement violations. The international community should pay careful attention to the brewing conflict in the Sahara which if left unchecked could contribute to destabilizing forces across North Africa and the Sahel. War-torn countries seldom make for attractive tourist destinations, and that is exactly what Morocco will become in the event of its continued illegal occupation of the Western Sahara. The Polisario movement fought a guerilla war against Moroccan control of Western Sahara, before a UN-brokered ceasefire in 1991 Western Sahara. The deterioration in the status quo between Morocco and Polisario in the Western Sahara deserves greater attention because decisive action now may be able to preserve a ceasefire which has largely held since 1991. Morocco and South Africa renew war of words over Western Sahara . Morocco’s king and the armed independence movement in the disputed region of Western Sahara appeared unwilling to make significant concessions to end the worst fighting in … The conflict erupted after the withdrawal of Spain from the Spanish Sahara in accordance with the Madrid Accords (signed under the pressure of the Green March), by which it transfer… UPDATE 5-Fears grow of new Western Sahara war between Morocco and Polisario Front 14 Nov 2020 / 01:58 H. * Moroccan army says will reopen road blocked by protest Now their army broke a 29-year-old ceasefire, declaring war on Morocco. 24/09/2019 by Voir au bas de l'article Leave a Comment. In 1991, the UN-brokered a cease-fire between Moroccans and Sahrawis and established a peacekeeping mission that would help set a referendum on the territory’s future. In response, the Polisario Front of Western Sahara ended the cease-fire and declared renewed war on Morocco. War & Conflict; Regions. War is not the answer...and yet un-ending occupation is not the answer either. There is a new U.S. war in Western Sahara, being waged by Morocco with the support of the U.S. military. It bears stating, Morocco is the one responsible for this war. WAR was declared on Morocco on Friday by Western Saharan independence group the Polisario Front after troops moved into the disputed territory ahead of plans to reopen a road into neighbouring Mauritania. Africa; Americas; Asia Pacific; Europe; Middle East; Business & Technology; Commentary; Search for; Saharawi men hold up a Polisario Front flag in the Al-Mahbes area near Moroccan soldiers guarding the wall separating the Polisario controlled Western Sahara from Morocco on February 3, 2017. Then, all Algeria’s strategies have fallen, and its aims are clear in prolonging the conflict of Moroccan (Western ) Sahara and the formed war against Morocco. Morocco maintains that Western Sahara is an integral part of the kingdom and has offered autonomy for the disputed territory, but insists it will retain sovereignty. This would prevent the creation of an independent Western Sahara by turning it into an autonomous region within the Kingdom of Morocco. At the weekend, their army broke a 29-year-old ceasefire and declared war on Morocco. HAVANA TIMES – Renewed clashes between Polisario, a leftist rebel group, and Morocco is the latest armed confrontation riling the African continent. Why There won’t be a war between Morocco and Algeria. Strategically the resumption of the armed conflict may have been meant to take advantage of President Trump’s lame-duck period to create new realities which it can use as barter in future negotiations. The international community should pay … This seems to suggest the current clashes may have been part of a broader strategy. Bahrain will open a consulate in Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara, Morocco's royal palace said on Thursday, joining other Arab states in supporting Rabat after the … Morocco’s king and the armed independence movement in the disputed region of Western Sahara appeared unwilling to make significant concessions to end the worst fighting in … By Joseph Hammond* HAVANA TIMES – Renewed clashes between Polisario, a leftist rebel group, and Morocco is the latest armed confrontation riling the African continent. Required fields are marked *. The Moroccan army has launched a military operation in a buffer zone of Western Sahara, leading the Polisario Front independence movement to declare a three decade long ceasefire "over". From: Inside Story Will Morocco and the Polisario Front go to war? Therefore, and given the repulsive hostility of the Algerian authorities towards Morocco, we have no choice but to strengthen our internal front and prepare for war as well as peace. It’s been more than 40 years since Morocco claimed sovereignty over Western Sahara, setting off a conflict that seems no closer to resolution. Indeed, a recent UN report on that current crisis noted multiple “freedom of movement” provocations in recent months. Morocco maintains that Western Sahara is an integral part of the kingdom and has offered autonomy for the disputed territory, but insists it will retain sovereignty. The Polisario movement fought a guerilla war against Moroccan control of Western Sahara, before a UN-brokered ceasefire in 1991. Around 80 percent of the territory is administered by Morocco under the supervision of the UN peacekeeping mission. ... “Morocco EU Sign Fisheries Deal, including Western Sahara, ,” Morocco World News, January 14, 2019. Sadly, a Polisario that is even more isolated on the national stage may not make it more conducive to international peace. Morocco has occupied Western Sahara since 1975 in violation of resolutions by the UN Security Council and a decision by the International Court of Justice. The New U.S. War on Western Sahara. Friday's flare-up poses the biggest risk in decades of a new phase of armed conflict in the remote desert region, adding to friction between Morocco and its biggest … Morocco troops launch operation in Western Sahara border zone. Read more by Joseph Hammond on Havana Times. The Western Sahara’s Polisario Front group said on Friday that Morocco had broken their ceasefire and “ignited war”, but Rabat denied there had been any armed clashes and said the three-decade truce remained in place. The conflict erupted after the withdrawal of Spain from the Spanish Sahara in accordance with the Madrid Accords , by which it agreed to give administrative control of the territory to Morocco and Mauritania. As diplomacy scholar R. Joseph Huddleston has written: Morocco’s tactics have centred on diplomacy. Breaking News; Western Sahara independence group declares war on Morocco. It may also open opportunities for narco-traffickers who are increasingly using the Western Sahara as a transit area to increase their activities. From: Inside Story Will Morocco and the Polisario Front go to war? UPDATE 5-Fears grow of new Western Sahara war between Morocco and Polisario Front 14 Nov 2020 / 01:58 H. * Moroccan army says will reopen road blocked by protest “War and Peace” in Western Sahara: Restoring Cross-Border Trade with Africa. Friday’s flare-up poses the biggest risk in decades of a new phase of armed conflict in the remote desert region, […] A smaller area is controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, a liberation movement of Saharan people. “My Son, Fernando, Isn’t a Terrorist, and You Know That.”, Influential Democrats ask Biden to Pressure Ortega, Peru Repeals Pro-Corporate Farm Law After Labor Protests. Morocco stands fast on Western Sahara development plan. In 1991 the UN brokered a ceasefire on the basis that Morocco would hold a referendum on independence. Requests by MINURSO to remove them from the restricted area remained unaddressed.”. Spanish investigative journalist Jose Antonio Bautista told Euronews about the declaration. The Western Sahara War was an armed conflict, lasting from 1975 to 1991, fought primarily between the Polisario Front and Morocco. Under the terms of the ceasefire a line of control divides the two parties and a United Nations observer force, MINURSO, monitors the situation though such trade is supposed to continued largely uninterrupted since 1991. Watch Good Morning Europe's report in the player above. Now their army broke a 29-year-old ceasefire, declaring war on Morocco. Though Cuban President Miguel Mario Díaz-Canel Bermúdez did not mention the issue during his UN address last year the Polisario Front has long been supported by Cuba’s leaders. 06-12-2020: Fighting recently broke out in Western Sahara after numerous years of relative peace between Morocco and the Polisario Front, the self-claimed leaders of the self-declared Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). Latin America: Democracies or Dictatorships? In response, the Polisario Front of Western Sahara ended the cease-fire and declared renewed war on Morocco. Firstly, for international geostrategic and security reasons, none of the Western powers would venture to let such a war take a place. HAVANA TIMES – Renewed clashes between Polisario, a leftist rebel group, and Morocco is the latest armed confrontation riling the African continent.The past few months have seen an increase in insurgent activities in Mozambique and an outbreak of a new war in Ethiopia. A small part of Western Sahara is controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. 0 Negotiations involving Morocco, Polisario, Algeria, and Mauritania have been at a standstill since 2019. Polisario disingenuously claims that Sahrawis were simply engaging in peaceful protest in the Guerguerat buffer zone close to the southern border with Mauritania.… "The announcement from the Polisario Front came after the Moroccan army launched an operation to unblock the Guerguerat pass, a United Nations–patrolled buffer zone, which had been blocked for three weeks by Saharawi activists.". A small part of Western Sahara is controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Brahim Ghali, the leader of a pro-independence group in Western Sahara, declared war on Morocco Saturday, breaking a decades-long ceasefire, the New York Times reports. Fears Grow of New Western Sahara War Between Morocco and Polisario Front Friday's flare-up poses the biggest risk in decades of a new phase of … Western Sahara: Who are the Polisario Front and what do they want? We do not want to see a single Moroccan or Sahrawi killed when the entire world agrees on how to resolve this issue nonviolently. By Peter Fabricius • 15 April 2020 . Meanwhile, the UN and the European Union are calling for the respect of the ceasefire to not revive a conflict that has been frozen for decades. Fears Grow of New Western Sahara War Between Morocco and Polisario Front Friday's flare-up poses the biggest risk in decades of a new phase of … CAIRO — The leader of a pro-independence group in Western Sahara declared war Saturday on Morocco, shattering a three-decade-long cease-fire and threatening a … It may look like a vast desert by the Atlantic but the region is rich in phosphate, fishing banks and it is believed to have offshore oil deposits. The Western Sahara’s Polisario Front group said on Friday that Morocco had broken their ceasefire and “ignited war”, but Rabat denied there had been any armed clashes and said the three-decade truce remained in place. November 15, 2020. RABAT/ALGIERS (Reuters) - The Western Sahara's Polisario Front group said on Friday that Morocco had broken their ceasefire and "ignited war", but … A recent extension of MINURSO’s mandate appears to have been the final straw for Polisario which is frustrated by a perceived lack of progress on ameliorating the conflict. Polisario Front & Morocco Renew War in Western Sahara. The leader of the Polisario Front, Western Sahara's independence movement, said on Saturday the group had ended a 29-year ceasefire with Morocco to resume its … Bahrain will open a consulate in Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara, Morocco's royal palace said on Thursday, joining other Arab states in supporting Rabat after the … The U.S. military, unbeknownst to most people in the United States — it’s perfectly knowable but few give a damn — arms and trains and funds the militaries of the world, including almost all of the most brutal governments of the world. This would be in no one’s best interest. Perhaps even more alarmingly the report noted discrepancies “observed between the order of battle and the number of heavy weapons held by Frente POLISARIO units in Agwanit, Bir Lahlou and Tifariti in the restricted area were declared violations in January, March and April. Already, Guyana has severed ties to the group following the resumption of clashes. The plan recei… Support for the Western Sahara as an independent state has ebbed over the years because of the growing importance of Morocco's $110 billion economy – the fifth largest in Africa. But Morocco reneged on the agreement and later promises, instead offering regional autonomy to Africa’s last colony. War-torn countries seldom make for attractive tourist destinations, and that is exactly what Morocco will become in the event of its continued illegal occupation of the Western Sahara. Why it matters: The declaration could reignite an armed struggle and exacerbate years of animosity between Morocco and its neighbor Algeria, which hosts the independence group, the Polisario Front. While no one has died because of military clashes since 1991, the infighting has continued by other means. Western Sahara separatists say Morocco has invaded a buffer zone, but Moroccan army says the Front is … The Chairperson of the African Union Commission Moussa Faki Mahamat has described “the Western Sahara conflict remains the oldest unresolved conflict on the continent.” While technically not true (the conflict in Katanga which dates to 1960 is a decade older) the quote speaks to the perception of the conflict as an intractable one. The Polisario group seeking independence for Western Sahara on Friday accused Morocco of breaking their nearly three-decade ceasefire and igniting a new war … Given the precarious nature of the situation, it is essential for the international community to move quickly to ensure this obscure conflict does not spiral into full open war. The Western Sahara's Polisario Front group said on Friday that Morocco had broken their ceasefire and "ignited war", but Rabat denied there had been any armed clashes and said the three-decade truce remained in place. Friday’s flare-up poses the biggest risk in decades of a new phase of armed conflict in the remote desert region, […] The United States has provided military, economic, and diplomatic support for Morocco’s war effort. The Western Sahara War (Arabic: حرب الصحراء الغربية‎, French: Guerre du Sahara occidental, Spanish: Guerra del Sahara Occidental) was an armed struggle opposing the Sahrawi indigenous Polisario Front to Morocco between 1975 and 1991 and Mauritania from 1975 to 1979, being the most significant phase of the Western Sahara conflict. (Cuba’s Reforms Still on Hold), Political Differences in Capitalism and Socialism, “All of Cuba is Awakening,” says artist Luis Manuel Otero, Constitutions and Democratic Change in Cuba, US Immigration Agency Subpoenas BuzzFeed News, Friends in Varadero, Cuba – Photo of the Day, Decline of an Architectural Jewel in Havana, How Covid-19 Reshaped Managua – Photo Essay. 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