The larvae burrow through the ripe fruits making them unfit for human consumption. Guava tree description: Guava (Psidium guajava) is an evergreen fruit tree of the Myrtaceae family, native to tropical America and Mesoamerica. Thus, during the summer season (April-May) the trees fall to relax and leave their leaves. All Time. Flowering and Fruiting 9. During this time, trees can preserve food in their branches. cultural practices to effect habitat manipulation and enhance biological control. CHAPTER–II CULTIVATION PRACTICES OF GUAVA AND THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SAMPLE RESPONDENTS 2.1 Introduction 2.2 The Developmental Initiatives 2.3 The National Scenario 2.4 The International Status of the Guava 2.5 The various Varieties of Guava Cultivation 2.6 The Importance and the Uses of the Guava 2.7 The Common Guava, Per 165 gram of its Individual Fruit … Spraying of copper sulphate at 0.2 to 0.4% also increases the growth and yield of guava. Planting– the planting materials are transplanted into the holes earlier prepared after pruning some of the leaves and removing the plants from the containers. Under moist conditions, pinkish masses of spores can be seen on lesions surface. E-mail: [email protected], [email protected] Production Guide on Guava, Cultural Practices Land Preparation . These cankers are circular, dry and raised. Nutrient Management In Guava PowerPoint PPT Presentations. Harvesting and Handling 11. However, when the trees have established a strong framework and started to bear fruit, little training is required. Orchard Cultural Practices 5. This finding may be attributed to pruning which is performed in intensive cultural practice. If acceptable cultivars with few seeds were to become available the potential for expansion of the fresh fruit market exists. The fungus produces two kinds of symptoms. The amount will be increased, as the tree grows bigger. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? However, this intercrop should be removed once the main crop becomes too crowded. Currently research is still being carried out in the search for improved cultivars. Origin of Guava 3. Intercultural Operations of Guava Plants The main practices of intercultural operations followed are weeding and spading. It is oval in shape, about 2 mm long, foliage green in color with an irregular V-shaped black on its back. Guava has a slender trunk with smooth green to red-brown bark. An evaluation of cultural practices of orchard management was studied on 16-yr-old healthy and productive guava cv. Irrigation when applied during fruit development can increase production through fruit size. Oriental fruit fly (Daucus dorsalis Hendel). It is necessary to treat the seeds with fungicides to prevent damping off. Paseo de Valmayor, Los Banos, Laguna Guava, small tropical tree or shrub of the family Myrtaceae, cultivated for its edible fruits. Tel. Intercropping – while the guava trees are not yet fully productive, intercropping of short season crops like vegetables, leguminous crops, root crops and other annual crops can be done. 5.14 Harvesting and Yield . Guava develops best flavour and aroma only when they ripe on tree. It also causes dieback of plants. Guava Lucknow 49 is more susceptible then Allahabad Safeda. But in case of prolonged dry weather, the orchard should be irrigated every 10 days or as often as maybe necessary. Control: No control measure has ever been recommended although spray of fungicides can be recommended. A field experiment was conducted at Instrumental Farm, Department of Horticulture, Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Udaipur. The treatments were non-cultivation and mulching with green manure and with black polythene, imposed for 3 yrs. Green Scale Insects (Coccus viridis Green). Seeds should be planted as soon as possible to ensure high germination. Aphids are fed upon by lady beetles and by maggot of syrphid flies. /Length 15062 UCCE, … : (049) 5360014 to 20, Manila Liaison Office: Manual weeding is preferable; spraying weedicides such as gramoxone is also effective. At the start of fruiting, each tree should be given about 300 – 500 g complete fertilizer, preferably one containing more nitrogen and potassium per application. Learn about: 1. In guava cultivation, grafted plants come into bearing at the age of 3 years and peak harvesting periods are August-September for rainy season crop and Jan-Feb. for winter season crop. Land Preparation– plow the area once or two times followed by several harrowings to completely pulverize and expose the soil. The guava is one of the richest fruits in terms of antioxidants and vitamin C (100 g of guava contain as many as 228.3 mg of this vitamin compared to the 53.2 mg of an orange), as well as being an excellent source of magnesium, potassium, calcium, copper and phosphorus. The yield of a plant depends on its age, cropping pattern and the cultural practices. (#�$. Main Assumptions The annual budget and cost of production are based on a one-acre grove. Control: Spraying with a Copper Fungicide. Its actual damage is economically insignificant, however, the ants that it attracts are nuisance when picking the fruits. !O�ʡT�F�� It can be reduced by improving the soil pH and treating the soil with N, P, K and Zn at 200, 80, 150 and 80 g/ year respectively, or fortnightly foliar spraying of these nutrients each at 2% for 4 months. Because of its ease of culture, ... improved pruning techniques and cultivation practices which in turn have led to improved yields of quality fruit. During the rainy season, the blight of shoots is a common symptom. Land Preparation – plow the area once or two times followed by several harrowings to completely pulverize and expose the soil. Fruits mature during winter. 07_chapter 2.pdf In fertile soils, wider spacing is desirable. The disease causes mummification and blackening of immature fruits. Control: Spray with appropriate insecticide (like malathion) when necessary. Cultural practices and operation times have also been worked out. Pruning – pruning is a must in guava production. ���YS�T����}� �n ������y�w4��t:�/^�q��F�yԟ��Y��ێ�+hi�.�ݲ�R@EדQ�٭Kg͘���h jМm߯~L�.�8g�̖���Rߙ�_�+�{��Py�S�-��J+�/Z�Oo�=S���+�lk�h�Q�K�7��c^K�L��� �� ���I\��Q�޾`f��CO6 ̤�2����^�斯�bJO�M \���*��g���iv+W��&�υR�-�T �'���R��-gd*�a�a8�2�P 9]7ԇ��ՃH�q��O�{�R|f1�LT�d��Y������u��A���`1���]���������@���%\���H���{|hl#�"�� l�z`Y�&�tg��3ut�XqT���Y��yAc��er��z��HD"������Esn-�tq������`B3T��ą��y5�HD.\0D�(x@% URԠ&ԀF�h�&Ԃ�0��4�1V�L`$4�I�XBfB�K? The plants are aligned with other tree… 14 0 obj Cultural Practices under INM in Mango End Previous Next In this RLO we will discuss about different cultural practices such as inter crop and cover crop, weed ... | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to download . Anthracnose or Cracker – caused by Gloeasprrium psidii G. Del. Show: Recommended. Entrepinoys Atbp. The fertilizer will be applied one month after planting and 6 months after or towards the end of the rainy season. Because of their perishable nature, guava as disposed of immediately after harvesting in the local market and a very small quantity is sent to distant markets. CULTURAL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Nursery Practices Seed germination and care of seedlings – guava seeds should be thoroughly cleaned and air-dried right after extraction from the fruits. On the leaves, the disease produces angular, rusty brown spots of varying sizes, usually 2-5 mm in diameter. They also parasitized by minute parasitic hymenopterans. At the peak of production (about 10 -18 years, an annual application of 2 kg or more complete fertilizer per tree, split in application may be required to sustain growth development and production of fruits. The best time to plant is at the onset or during the rainy season. /Filter /FlateDecode It is a soft scale that infests the young shoots, mostly on leaves. In the absence of definite information regarding the fertilizer requirements of guava in the Philippines, it is about 100-500 g ammonium sulfate will be applied around the base of each tree twice a year. In some areas, however, infected fruits becomes undersized misshaped, hard and dry. Weeding/cultivation – shallow cultivation around the base of the plant is recommended to prevent root injury, incorporate organic matter into the soil and to control weeds especially when trees need all the available soil moisture. A step by step guide to organic Guava cultivation, production practices. Typical sunken soft lesions usually produced by anthracnose can be observed on ripe fruits. In fertile soils, wider spacing is desirable. Aphids (Aphis gosypii Glover) – the pest damage the plant by feeding on young growth causing the curling of leaves. The strategies focus on pest management both below ground and above ground. More beneficial metabolites for human health such as vitamin E and caryophyllene Cultural practice is the manifestation of a culture or sub-culture, especially in regard to the traditional and customary practices of a particular ethnic or other cultural group.. The root sprouts; low-lying branches, disease infected and other dead branches, which are unnecessary just, have to be eliminated. There is growing need to integrate AESA based IPM and principles of ecological engineering for pest management. Generally, older Guava plants can tolerate high temperatures and drought conditions. vitamin C, were better in guava orchard under intensive cultural practice than less intensive cultural practice. %PDF-1.5 Crop Regulation 8. Use of small wash parasite, Coccophagus tibialis. Guava has attained commercial importance in tropics and subtropics because of its wide adaptability to varied soil and climatic conditions. Wilting – caused by Gloremella psidii Sheld is another disease known to attack guava. 19. The trunk may be branched at the base and the branches droop low to the ground. Climate and Soil 4. The plants are aligned with other trees in all directions. It attacks and draws plant sap from the young shoots and fruits of guava. Collect the infested fruits into a kerosene can with a thin layer of sand at the bottom and destroy the larva/pupa by heat. Botany of Guava 2. @X)� �O�DB;$:�N���=�t�;Ȅ�[��t The use of trade names in this report does not constitute an endorsement or recommendation by the University of California nor is any criticism implied by omission of other similar products. In the month of June, irrigation is done after properly planting of trees and fertilizing. PCARRD-DOST The term is gaining in importance due to the increased controversy over "rights of cultural practice", which are protected in many jurisdictions for indigenous peoples and sometimes ethnic minorities. Its pink caterpillar bores into young upright growing stems tunneling the stem center where it feeds and develops; extruding stem may suddenly die or break off at the level of the exit hole. Control: If discovered early enough, the infested stem may be saved by inserting a coconut leaf midrib into the tunnel and pushing it in as far as it would go to speak and kill the caterpillar inside. This is done if a certain form is desired like growing the tree with a spreading or symmetrical or limited crown or to keep number of branches. x��} xSU�������M�4MҤm��4�� Planting Operation 7. Stake the field and dig holes at a distance of 5 – 7 meters to accommodate 277 seedlings in a hectare. It is best done during the dry season. Here is the complete guidance on starting a guava plantation in India with complete details on guava varieties in India, planting guava seeds, plantation management, harvesting and post harvest practices. Spotting of leaves and fruits ? Propagation 6. stream The intensity of root activity was the highest under polythene mulch (299643 & 26397 dpm g The plants start bearing at an early age of 2-3 years but they attain full bearing capacity at the age of 8-10 years. /Length1 48456 Besides wilt there are several other diseases of guava of which post-harvest diseases (different fruit rots) are very common. A ten year old guava tree gives a yield, up to 100 kg of fruit. specific information regarding guava cultural practices may want to consult HS4, Guava Growing in the Florida Home Landscape (edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg045), or their local UF/IFAS Extension agent. To avoid infestation, harvest fruit at the earliest possible time. These trees can be grown up to an altitude of 1500 meters above mean sea level (m.s.l). ASSUMPTIONS: CULTURAL PRACTICES AND COST CALCULATIONS The costs and prices for material, equipment, labor wages, and contract fees in this study are for the 2007 Calendar year. Fertilization – guava trees should be kept healthy through application of fertilizers from the time they are planted until they continue to produce fruits. In nontropical climates, it is a deciduous tree. These are more accurately berries with soft flesh, which may be white, pink, yellow or even red, and … It is best done during the dry season. Web: www.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph, source: www.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph, photo from drfarrahcancercenter.com, Your email address will not be published. A farmer’s participatory approach was used to popularize the application of pheromone traps in guava field as an IPM treatment. caused by the parasitic alga, Cepaleuros mycoides Darst., is rather severe on some types and varieties in humid areas. The seeds are also healthy, being rich in iodine, vitamins A, E and those of the B complex. Practice repeated every year in June in order to sustain the approach; Source: Central Institute For Subtropical Horticulture. Planting – the planting materials are transplanted into the holes earlier prepared after pruning some of the leaves and removing the plants from the containers. After 20-25 days the flowers grow in abundance in the tree. Formation of cankerous spots throughout the fruit surface. A 10 year-old plant yields about 100kg of fruits every year. Training and Pruning 10. in order to manage the orchard soil, plowing two times a year, once in October and the other in January, is necessary. Planting . Guava trees are native to tropical America and are grown in tropical and subtropical areas around the world. tall. Common White Mealy Bug (Planococcus lilacinus Ckll). Fruit fly management in Guava orchards using Pheromone traps. ber, guava, lasoda, karonda and custard apple are more suitable with aonla and ber being commercially more viable. Stake the field and dig holes at a distance of 5 – 7 meters to accommodate 277 seedlings in a hectare. The trunk is tilted, rather branched and between 3 and 20m. Guava cultivation can be a very profitable agribusiness in India. Everything you need to know about guava cultivation and harvest! Telephone No. How to grow guava Psidium guajava Fruits, flowers and leaves of guava. The intensive cultural practice also improved the guava fruit size as compared to the less intensive cultural practice. The plants are aligned with other trees in all directions. The fruit is oval in shape and green to yellow in color. The experiment consisted of 8 treatments comprising chemicals (Urea @ 10% and 15% foliar spray, NAA @ 1000 ppm) and cultural practices (pruning at 75 % and 50 % intensity, bending of shoots, withholding of irrigation water) were applied during the course of investigation. << >> Cultural practices to maintain vigorously growing plants help to reduce the colonization of the fungus. CLASSIFICATION. Control: Use of entomogenous fungi effective especially during rainy season. �!�0��@�t CHAPTER–II CULTIVATION PRACTICES OF GUAVA - Shodhganga 2.9 The Package of Production Practices. Climate Required For Guava Cultivation:-Guava can be grown in both tropical and sub-tropical climates. DOST Complex, Gen. Santos Ave., Bicutan, Taguig City %���� Guava Harvesting and Yield. : 8372071 to 82 loc 2420 2.10 The Important Guava Cultivars. Irrigation – no irrigation is required when trees are planted during the rainy season. Varieties. Required fields are marked *. The plant possesses oval or elliptical leaves which are smooth on the upper surface and hairy on the lower surface. It is best done during the dry season. The yield of a plant depends on its age, cropping pattern and the cultural practices. Low night temperatures in winter season ensure the best quality guava fruits. Your email address will not be published. Guava trees produce 1-inch, white flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear-shaped fruits. Guava produces solitary white flowers and a berry fruit. Intermediate (low hills) zone This area lies in between sub-tropical zone and high hills with altitude ranging from1000 m – 1500 m above mean sea level. However, high temperature during flowering and … The fruits are commonly eaten raw and are processed into jams, jellies, and preserves. Arka Mridula trees. Moth (Zuezera coffeae Nietn). Guava trees should not be irrigated from February to mid-May. If infested twigs has broken off spear the larva; dead infested twigs that have not broken off should be broken and the larva on pupa speared. Control: Bagging the fruit. Aside from added income it will also prevent the growth of weeds and help cultivate the land in the orchard. �Д.P*D�Q���-T@(�PY��vTDYܷB �����3.����8q����ߓlf�~� ��@��I5�G�Y�x�`,��Ic^Z(�����?~RN��[�� 2.11 The Requirements of Guava Cultivation. Business Ideas Philippines. CULTURE AND FEEDING PRACTICES: MAJOR UNDERLYING CAUSES OF CHILDHOOD MALNUTRITION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BY Peter O. Ogunjuyigbe, Ph.D. Department of Demography and Social Statistics Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife Osun State, Nigeria & Ebenezer O. 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