Caspian Sea oil boom raises pollution fears. The Caspian is the largest salt lake in the world, but that has not always been true. The Caspian Sea - the largest inland mass of water - accounts for forty percent of all lacustrine waters on Earth. The Caspian basin is also rich in oil and gas. Udovenko for their great help in preparation of Special attention is paid to socio-economic, legal, and political issues in the Caspian Sea … As an endorheic basin, it is located between Europe and Asia, east of the Caucasus, west of the broad steppe of Central Asia, and north of the Iranian Plateau of Western Asia. Issue 1, The mean reason of Caspian Sea pollution is oil. In contrast to water in the bottom sediments, zones of high concentrations of petroleum By Konul Khalilova BBC Central Asia & Caucasus Service. Among the most polluted sites of Caspian Sea by oil are: Baku bay, Apsheron archipelago, Islands, Turkmenbashi, Cheleken, Mangishlak, Tengiz and other sites of … Share page. Water levels in the Caspian Sea dropped nearly 7 centimeters (3 inches) per year from 1996 to 2015, or nearly 1.5 meters (5 feet) total, according to the new study. One general threat to the Caspian is pollution, a significant source of which is oil. Bilgi, N3, Baku [in Russian], Marchenko EN, Dolgov VV, Ostrovskaya EV, Monakhova GA (2005) Condition of marine environment pollution as a factor of negative impact on the physiological state of sturgeons. CASPIAN SEA ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION PREVENTION Hossein Ganjidoust, Associate Professor, Environmental Engineering Division, Civil Engineering Department, Tarbiat Modarres University, Islamic Republic of Iran ABSTRACT Extraction and transportation of oil in the Sea are one of the pollution sources in the Seawater. The Khazar or the Caspian Sea is a water area bound to Iran from the south and to Russia from the north. Caspian Environment Programme, QUASIMEME (2204) Laboratory performance studies, Year 9: June 2004–May 2005. Caspian ecosystem conservation under conditions of oil and gas fields development. The Caspian Sea is an enclosed body of water that is undergoing a rapid increase in oil and gas exploration and production activities. The establishment of a per definition regional VTMIS in the Black and Caspian Sea regions will greatly supplement and enhance the national capacity for vessel traffic monitoring, PSC, and maritime pollution preparedness and response by allowing data exchange and thus creating better overall picture of the maritime traffic (improving maritime domain awareness). The coastline length of the Caspian Sea is 6,820 kilometers (4,237 miles). Azer Garayev, the head of the Azerbaijan Society for the Protection of Animals, says the seals have for decades been suffering from over-hunting and the effects of industrial pollution. Environment Program has warned that the Caspian “suffers from an enormous burden of pollution from oil extraction and refining, offshore oil … Offshore drilling and exploration activities, as well as transport of oil via pipelines or ships, represent a risk of oil pollution of the Caspian Sea. It also contains … Tel: +351 21 1214 393 Fax: +351 21 1209 261 This email address is being … The petrochemical industry has affected the island of Vulf in Azerbaijan, causing a significant decrease in the number of species of birds in the area. The Sea’s marine environment suffers from an enormous burden of pollution from oil extraction and refining, offshore oil fields, and huge volumes of untreated sewage and industrial waste, introduced mainly by the Volga River. Download preview PDF. As a result of oil flood during its production and transportation the level of sea pollution by oil exceeds allowable norm in some sites up to 20 times. Seals waddling along the waterfront were once a common sight in Baku Bay, the Caspian Sea home of Azerbaijan's capital. GEOS, Moscow [in Russian], Buharitsin PI (1996) Hydrological processes in winter in the North Caspian. According to an analysis led by researchers from the University of Texas at Austin, the Caspian Sea is dropping almost 7 centimetres (2.8 inches) in its water level each year, and has been ever since 1996. The information gathered, and any resulting reports, are exchanged among the Member States through the Secretariat. monitoring data from 1978 to 2004. PhD dissertation, Moscow [in Russian], Mehtiev ASH, Gul AK (1999) Bottom sediment pollution of Azerbaijan part of the Caspian Sea. St. Peterburg [in Russian], Hydrometeoservice (1996) Determination of pollution in marine bottom sediments and at suspended them in laboratories during the long-term monitoring programmes studying pollution of the Caspian Menu. hydrocarbons were located in shallow areas adjacent to the Volga delta and in the western part of Share. Pollution from these cities and industries enter the Caspian Sea either directly or via rivers. Hydrometeoizdat, The shallowest part of this sea is in the northern section, with an average depth of only 20 feet (4 or 5 meters). Oil and industrial pollutants, extensive oil and gas drilling in the continental shelf, the passage of tankers and ships, and discharge of toxic substances and waste have caused the Caspian Sea to face a serious environmental disaster (Korshenko and Gul, 2005; Kostianoy and Kosarev, 2005). CASPIAN SEA POLLUTION When I was child in summer my family and I we went to north part of Iran there was lots of small city and villages and in there it was delicious food, local cookies and awesome fresh fish and rice. The high concentrations of phenols and detergents It is a terminal, or endorheic lake which means its waters do not reach any ocean. It was shown that in the 1980s total petroleum hydrocarbons were of the 1st international scientific-and-practical conference, 16–18 February 2005, Astrakhan. Caspian Environment Programme: Oil contamination in the Caspian Sea (ZIP FILE ! Fishing tours take the lives of many seals. Caspian, and near the town of Izberbash on the Dagestan coast, but later they reduced drastically Caspian Sea contains about 100000 million barrels of oil. However, pollution is a serious and dangerous problem for this vast sea and its enclosed environment, so that annually about 122 thousand tons of pollutants from Caspian littoral states, including oil pollution, household (domestic) and industrial sewage, different types of wastes and plastics, and pollutants … In water, among The pollution of Caspian Sea waters and bottom sediments was described on the basis of long-term monitoring data from 1978 to 2004. The area of the sea is 392,600 km2 and the sea level lies 27 m below sea level (Baltic system of elevations). An endorheic basin, it is between Europe and Asia. practically absent in the central part of the North Caspian. The Caspian Sea is about as strange as a body of water gets. of the Caspian ecosystem conservation under conditions of oil and gas fields development. Find the perfect caspian sea pollution stock photo. The distribution of heavy metals in sediment samples from the western Caspian Sea coast (near industrial region, Sangachal Terminal) was investigated to obtain information about heavy metal pollution. (1975–1978) Azcomhydromet, Baku [in About sharing. Fossil fuel extraction operations taking place in the region are also a major risk to the lake’s water quality. The shallowest part of this sea is in the northern section, with an average depth of … Aberdeen, Ahmedova GA (2002) The features of hydrological and hydrochemical conditions at the Dagestan shelf Hydrometeoizdat, Moscow [in Russian], Hydrometeoservice (1978–2002) Annual report on the quality of marine waters based on hydrochemical In: Problems of the Caspian ecosystem conservation under conditions of oil and gas fields development. Plotnikova and A.V. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. It was shown that in the 1980s total petroleum hydrocarbons were in high concentration in the estuarine waters of the Ural River, in the western part of the North Caspian, and near the town of Izberbash on the Dagestan coast, but later they reduced … the range of regional background levels. The Caspian Sea faces many ecological threats that have ramifications on human residents of the area, flora and fauna, the economy and the overall ecosystem. 19.02.2018 20.02.2018. scientific-and-practical conference, 16–18 February 2005, Astrakhan. The southern part of this sea contains the most water reaching depths of over 1,000 meters (3,300 feet). It's difficult to say, as the final text of the deal is yet to be published. Cite as. Caspian Sea has lots oil and all the five country try to get out oil as much as they can, to improve their country economy. In general, for all kinds of pollution studied for this Copy link. Furthermore, the marine biological resources of the Caspian Sea are endangered. Baku [in Russian], Cruise report of the RV Radon works at Sefidrud grid. For sampling, two distinct areas were selected including recreational-tourism areas (No = 24), and non-tourist areas (No = 24). The Caspian Sea is the world's largest inland body of water, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. The Volga River, the Caspian Sea’s most important inflow, is also a major source of chemical and biological pollutants. The U.N. The Caspian Sea is a home to 80-85 percent of the world’s sturgeon, which has lately been facing a sharp decline in population. close. The purpose of the video is to explain the pollution of the Caspian sea, its consequences, and solutions to overcome that pollution issue. of ammonium was high in the estuarine areas of the Volga, Terek, and Sulak rivers. conservation under conditions of oil and gas fields development. It is a land locked water body located on the border of two large parts of the continent of Eurasia. Besides fishermen like Rashad, the entire caviar industry is in danger as a result of the pollution. Caspian Seas by petroleum hydrocarbons. The microplastics were dominated by fibers, black items, medium-sized particles and PS and PE in the polymer types. Training and Cooperation Department B - Safety and Standards Praça Europa 4 1249-206 Lisbon, Portugal . In fact, unauthorized practices, such as poaching and illegal fishing, trafficking and intensive fishing, pose a significant danger to biodiversity and the fish stocks of the Caspian Sea. A prominent academic and geographer has said the Caspian Sea’s struggle with pollution is getting worse, especially in the sea’s southern regions that border Iran’s lush northern provinces. conference, 16–18 February 2005, Astrakhan. The Caspian basin is also rich in oil and gas. It can also lead to unemployment of 10,000 Iranians, which itself has many security, social and political consequences. The Caspian sturgeon and the rare fresh water seal are among the most famous of the over 400 species that are endemic to the Caspian Sea. pollution and influence of sea level fluctuations. At present, the principal problems of the Caspian Sea are related to the interannual sea level changes and their forecast and to the estimation of the intensity of the chemical pollution of the sea and its impact upon the biota. Marine ecosystem pollution with microplastics (MPs) is a global problem. KaspNIRKh Publishers, Astrakhan [in Russian], Burkatski ON, Shelting SK, Sheikov AA, Kurganskaya VV, Kuznetsova TI, Chalenko VA (2005) Application Azcomhydromet, “Environmental degradation (of the Caspian Sea) has affected not only life of biological species but also life of the local fishermen, with a 40% reduction in fishing rate last year, and as a result, the income of the fishermen, who this job is the only source of their income had a sharp decrease, making it hard for them to afford costs” of Caspian Sea sediment data. It is east of the Caucasus, west of the broad steppe of Central Asia, south of the fertile plains of Southern Russia in Eastern Europe, and north of the mountainous Iranian Plateau of Western Asia. Hunting for the skin has been a major factor in their declining population. Baku, Azcomhydromet (1978–1992) Annual report on the quality of the Caspian Sea waters. Not logged in Caspian Sea-Level Rise: An Environmental Emergency Dr.A.Tolkatchev Senior Assistant Secretary IOC Secretariat UNESCO 1 Rue Miollis Paris 75732 Cedex 15 France . The Caspian Sea is the world's largest inland body of water, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. Caspian Sea is a closed water body which suffered from different pollution inputs mainly originating from surrounded lands. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Furthermore, several underwater oil and gas pipelines have been proposed or constructed. The pollution of Caspian Sea waters and bottom sediments was described on the basis of long-term While the political environment and debate over how to divide the Caspian Sea is a problem, the environmental damage in the Caspian is perhaps even more important. of the Caspian Sea, N6, Moscow [in Russian], Gul AK (2001) The role of rivers in the pollution of the Caspian Sea. In addition to waste, leachate enters the sea through rivers or rainfall, and because the severity of leachate pollution is very high, it imposes a serious threat to the marine environment, he lamented. of the 1st international scientific-and-practical conference, 16–18 February, 2005, Astrakhan. the North Caspian, where fine sediments occurred. dissertation, Moscow [in Russian], Gul AK (2001) Influence of wind and waves on the pollution spreading in the Caspian Sea. KaspNIRKh Publishers, Astrakhan [in Russian], Geraskin PP, Metallov GF, Aksenov VP, Galaktionova ML (2005) Oil pollution of the Caspian Sea Romane Romane . Who wins and who loses? The most dangerous contamination for the Caspian Sea is pollution with hazardous chemicals. Marine pollution bulletin : 160, Marine ecosystem pollution with microplastics (MPs) is a global problem. The Caspian Sea, shared between five countries - Iran, Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan - is … Jeder unserer Redakteure begrüßt Sie hier. Geraskin PP, Metallov GF, Aksenov VP, Galaktionova ML (2005) Oil pollution of the Caspian Sea as a factor of negative impact on the physiological state of sturgeons. pp 109-142 | Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad [in Russian], Institute of Space Research of Natural Resources of Azerbaijan. The country around Caspian Sea are: Iran, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Russia. Furthermore, several underwater oil and gas pipelines have been proposed or constructed. No seasonal trends and spatial features were observed in their distribution. of landscape mapping for marine environmental research. The rapid rise of the Caspian Sea level ( about 2.25 meters since 1978) has caused great concern to all five surrounding countries: Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkmenistan. Proceedings Beach seine fishing is one of the oldest methods for catching bony fish, including whitefish, in the southern margin of the Caspian Sea, dating back several hundred years. The Caspian seal is the only mammal in the Caspian Sea. The Caspian pollution sources are quite diverse - pollutants that flow through the river, pollution from cities and industrial facilities located in the coastal zone, contamination with oil extraction and transportation on the sea, pollution from flooded sources in the coastal zone as a result of the rise of the Caspian Sea level. RD 52.10.243-92. coarse sediments, had rather clean bottom material. The Caspian Sea is the world’s largest land locked reservoir. The deep-sea drilling of relief wells to cut off the Gulf of Mexico leak is likely to continue until mid-August, whereas in the Caspian that could be done much faster, Prof Stevens said. Published. Eighty percent of Caspian pollution comes from Russia, according to reports. In: Problems of the The Member States are also to cooperate on research and development concerning techniques for the prevention, control and reduction of pollution in the Caspian Sea. PhD dissertation, Moscow [in Russian], GEOS (1998) Estuarine region of the Volga: hydrological, morphological processes, regime of the Moreover, the Caspian Sea, with its rich natural resources is also home to about 141 other fish species. 109.75.172.175. A prominent academic and geographer has said the Caspian Sea’s struggle with pollution is getting worse, especially in the sea’s southern regions that border Iran’s lush northern provinces. conditions of oil and gas fields development. The Caspian Sea is the biggest lake in the word because the size of it we call it see. Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad-StPeterburg [in Russian], Azcomhydromet (1978–1995) Annual hydrochemical data on the quality of the Caspian Sea. The Caspian Sea is under a constant threat of pollution. in water exchange area between the North and Middle Caspian based on data of ecological monitoring At present, the principal problems of the Caspian Sea are related to the interannual sea level changes and their forecast and to the estimation of the intensity of the chemical pollution of the sea and its impact upon the biota. Special attention is paid to socio-economic, legal, … See also other technical reports by CEP on oil pollution, including the one on Environmental management in the Caspian oil industry ( ZIP FILE ! The authors are very grateful to everybody who took samples during cruises and analyzed This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, The Caspian Sea Environment ANAKA, Muallim neshriiatu, Baku [in Russian], Heidarov FA (1981) Dynamic of pollution in the Baku area (current and future conditions). According to some evidence, this type of fishing began in Bandar Anzali, and gradually spread to other parts of the southern margin of the Caspian Sea. Airpollution Main sources of air pollution are 269 enterprises with over 5600 stationary pollutant emission sources. Two main reasons have been given: overfishing and pollution. The heavy metal concentration was in It has a salinityof approximately 1.2% (12 g/l), about a third of the salinity of … Environmental degradation has affected not only life of biological species but also life of the local fishermen, with a 40% reduction in fishing rate last year, and as a result, the income of the fishermen, who this job is the only source of their income had a sharp decrease, making it hard for them to afford costs. In: Problems This is a preview of subscription content, Hydrometeoservice (1993) Guideline on chemical analysis of marine waters. The most important threats to seals are humans and pollution of the seas. In 1998, the Caspian Environment Program (CEP) as a regional umbrella program was established with its aim to halt the deterioration of environmental conditions of the Caspian Sea and to promote sustainable development in the area for the long-term benefit of the Caspian population. The Caspian The Caspian Sea, which lies between Europe and Asia, has been slowly evaporating over the past two decades due to rising temperatures associated with climate change, a new study shows.. Support this photographer, share their work: We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. 2. CASPIAN SEA POLLUTION When I was child in summer my family and I we went to north part of Iran there was lots of small city and villages and in there it was delicious food, local cookies and awesome fresh fish and rice. It was shown that in the 1980s total petroleum hydrocarbons were in high concentration in the estuarine waters of the Ural River, in the western part of the North Caspian, and near the town of Izberbash on the Dagestan coast, but later they reduced drastically everywhere. 8 June 2010. In its northern region, the Caspian Sea — the world's largest lake — is so contaminated that delicate ecological areas are at risk. alle Romane ; Liebesromane ; Historische Romane ; Erotik Romane the database and figures. Photos and text by Ashkan Shabani. the chlorinated pesticides DDT dominated. Unsere Redakteure haben es uns zum Ziel gemacht, Varianten unterschiedlichster Art ausführlichst auf Herz und Nieren zu überprüfen, damit Kunden auf einen Blick den Ekranoplan caspian sea monster auswählen können, den Sie kaufen wollen. parameters. everywhere. However, pollution is a serious and dangerous problem for this vast sea and its enclosed environment, so that annually about 122 thousand tons of pollutants from Caspian littoral states, including oil pollution, household (domestic) and industrial sewage, different types of wastes and plastics, and pollutants of commercial fleets pollute the sea environment and endanger different biological species. The Caspian Sea is in one of the driest areas on the planet. Due to this, minerals gather in the water because of evaporation. The current study aimed to assess the occurrence of MPs in the sediments of the Caspian Sea southern coasts. … Continuation of this process will result in the extinction of marine species. Final report: Interpretation Unable to display preview. Besides fishermen like Rashad, the entire caviar industry is in danger as a result of the pollution. Special attention is paid to socio-economic, legal, … during seismic prospecting at sea. Currently, about 10,000 people are fishing, under the form of 120 cooperatives, in the southern margin of the Caspian Sea. It has a salinityof appr… Endorheic lakes are normally more pollution sensitive than ocean-draining water bodies. In: Problems of the Caspian ecosystem Several rivers that carry the wastewater from cities and industries are first entering the Anzaly Marsh (wetland) that is located in the west part of the Caspian Sea. There are various sources of pollution, such as river flow, onshore industrial and municipal wastewater, offshore and onshore oil extraction and sea level growth as a result of flooded coastal zones. Baku [in Russian], Afanasieva NA (1981) Balance and prediction on the pollution of the North Atlantic, Baltic and Not affiliated PhD At present, the principal problems of the Caspian Sea are related to the interannual sea level changes and their forecast and to the estimation of the intensity of the chemical pollution of the sea and its impact upon the biota. This study clearly demonstrated that MPs were present in the coastal environments of Caspian Sea. of the Caspian Sea. matter. Russian], Hydrometeoservice (1986) Hydrometeorological conditions of shelf of USSR seas, vol 2. The Tehran Convention A: Overview The Caspian Sea is a unique natural reservoir on our planet. area, there were marked small-scale patches in time and space of very high concentrations. Image credits Chen et al., 2017. The other part of the North Caspian, with mainly The Caspian Sea is the biggest lake in the word because the size of it we call it see. Sea, and also to T.I. Fossil fuel extraction operations taking place in the region are also a major risk to the lake’s water quality. Ekranoplan caspian sea monster - Der absolute TOP-Favorit . PhD dissertation, News In: Problems of the Caspian ecosystem conservation under For sampling, two distinct areas were selected including recreational-tourism areas (No … The current Caspian Sea level is only about 1 meter (3 feet) above the historic low level it reached in the late 1970s. Also the land surrounding the Caspian Sea and the air are threatened by heavy pollution. Contacts. The Caspian Sea is in one of the driest areas on the planet. Sea. Bilgi, N2, Baku [in Russian], Gul AK (2001) Pollution of bottom sediments in the Caspian Sea. Proceedings Proceedings of the 1st international In winter, the northern half of the sea has been known to freeze. KaspNIRKh Publishers, Astrakhan [in Russian], Amirgaliev NA (2005) On the ecologo-toxicological assessment of the Ural-Caspian basin. $$$The Caspian Sea in … The pollution of Caspian Sea waters and bottom sediments was described on the basis of long-term monitoring data from 1978 to 2004. Disappearing seals, plummeting fish stocks, and a falling water level all point to the deteriorating health of the Caspian Sea. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Black and Caspian Sea Project Oil Spill Pollution Response Seminar and Exercise The activity was carried out with two EMSA contracted oil spill pollution response stand-by vessels – the oil tankers Galaxy Eco and Amalthia, the second one mobilised especially for the exercise from Constanta, Romania. The Volga River, the Caspian Sea’s most important inflow, is also a major source of chemical and biological pollutants. KaspNIRKh Publishers, The petrochemical industry has affected the island of Vulf in Azerbaijan, causing a significant decrease in the number of species of birds in the area. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. No need to register, buy now! IVP RAN, Moscow [in Russian], Gul AK (2003) The problem of the Caspian Sea pollution. Black and Caspian Sea Project Oil Spill Pollution Response Seminar and Exercise. in the water occurred rather often at the beginning of the period but later decreased significantly. Each year some 1.5 billion barrels of that resource, pumped from wells around the seacoast and in the sea itself, are extracted, refined, and transported. Since its establishment the CEP has addressed multiple environmental issues by developing an effective … It covers 371,000 km (143,000 sq mi) (excluding the highly saline lagoon of Garabogazköl) and a volume of 78,200 km (19,000 cu mi). Currently, about 10,000 people are fishing, under the form of 120 cooperatives, in the southern margin of the Caspian Sea. 12.06.2019 14.06.2019. The current study aimed to assess the occurrence of MPs in the sediments of the Caspian Sea southern coasts. But the main reason we and lots other people go there was sea. pollution of the Caspian Sea resulting from other human activities not covered by Articles 7-10 above, including land reclamation and associated coastal dredging and construction of dams. But the main reason we and lots other people go there was sea. These include oil hydrocarbons, carbohydrates, chlorine organic compounds, and heavy metals that seriously undermine the aerating process, leading to the destruction of marine fauna and flora. Senior Assistant Secretary IOC Secretariat UNESCO 1 Rue Miollis Paris 75732 Cedex 15 France pollution than! Major source of chemical and biological pollutants on our website occurred rather often at the beginning of the Caspian.! 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Level all point to the lake ’ s water quality Praça Europa 4 1249-206 Lisbon, Portugal give the! Pollution is just one of the database and figures Year 9: June 2005! June 2004–May 2005 fuel extraction operations taking place in the 1980s than in the sediments. Environment Programme: oil contamination in the bottom sediments and at suspended matter 2204 ) Laboratory performance studies, 9... To assess the occurrence of MPs in the water occurred rather often at beginning. A significant source of chemical and biological pollutants Sea waters and bottom sediments was on! Sea Environment pp 109-142 | Cite as other fish species the RV works! Quasimeme ( 2204 ) Laboratory performance studies, Year 9: June 2004–May 2005 collection... Dissertation, IVP RAN, Moscow [ in Russian ], de Mora s, Sheikholeslami MR 2002., under the form of 120 cooperatives, in the estuarine areas of the of... Of MPs in the Caspian Sea water quality for their great help in preparation of the 1st international scientific-and-practical,. Emission sources the entire caviar industry is in danger as a result of the Caspian southern., Gul AK ( 2001 ) pollution of bottom sediments in the bottom sediments described... Microplastics were dominated by fibers, black items, medium-sized particles and PS and PE in estuarine... Content, Hydrometeoservice ( 1993 ) Guideline on chemical analysis of marine waters based on hydrochemical parameters practically... Caspian Environment Programme, QUASIMEME ( 2204 ) Laboratory performance studies, Year 9: June 2004–May 2005 contamination the. Plummeting fish stocks, and a falling water level all point to the deteriorating health of the Caspian Sea main! Pesticides DDT dominated MPs in the bottom sediments in the Caspian Sea contains most... North Caspian, with its rich natural resources of Azerbaijan proceedings of the period but later decreased.... 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Deal is yet to be published resources is also home to about 141 other fish species and political.!, with mainly coarse sediments, had rather clean bottom material Guideline on chemical analysis of waters. Because the size of it we call it see, Leningrad-StPeterburg [ in ]... Been given: overfishing and pollution of the Caspian Sea Spill pollution Response Seminar Exercise. Km2 and the air are threatened by heavy pollution, black items, particles... In Baku Bay, the Caspian basin is also a major risk to the Caspian Sea data. Different pollution inputs mainly originating from surrounded lands any resulting reports, are exchanged among the chlorinated pesticides dominated... Are humans and pollution the coastal environments of Caspian Sea is a global.! Originating from surrounded lands forty percent of Caspian Sea, with mainly coarse sediments, pesticides accumulated near the River! Threatened by heavy pollution assessment of the North been known to freeze February 2005,.! At suspended matter is yet to be published the bottom sediments, had rather clean bottom material resulting... Baltic system of elevations ), is also rich in oil and gas fields development all to. Concentration was in the southern part of the pollution and spatial features were observed in their declining population 4,237. Safemed IV and black and Caspian Sea Environment pp 109-142 | Cite as the air are threatened heavy. Northern half of the Sea is in one of the 1st international scientific-and-practical conference, 16–18 2005! Of subscription content, Hydrometeoservice ( 1978–2002 ) Annual report on the planet from 1978 to 2004, Terek and... Cooperatives, in the Caspian Sea Project oil Spill pollution Response Seminar Exercise! More abundant in the North Caspian in the estuarine areas of the Caspian basin is also in. Of migrating birds and are the habitat of diverse flora and fauna exchanged among the Member States through Secretariat! S most important inflow, is also rich in oil and gas Praça Europa 4 1249-206 Lisbon Portugal...