The Colorado State University Guide to Poisonous Plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals. diagnosis and prevention of poisoning of animals by plants and other ... Nightshade family • Pokeweed • Redroot pigweed. The Poisonous Plant Guide is constructed to enable location of a plant by either knowing the common or botanical name of the plant. Most livestock poisoning comes in the spring from eating fresh foliage. Fig 2 Cattle with lead poisoning become isolated and depressed. Several systems of the body, such as the digestive system, nervous system, vascular system, and ENT may be affected. Wheat, barley, and corn are the most readily digestible grains; oats are less digestible. Symptoms: Cattle -- high fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, difficult breathing, salivation, ataxia, opisthotonos, convulsions, internal bleeding; often mistaken for anthrax and other infectious diseases of cattle. The symptoms of acute poisoning are trembling, staggering, rapid breathing, and death. It can result in death. Milder symptoms of deadly nightshade poisoning include delirium and hallucinations, which appear quickly once ingested. Death may occur suddenly or within days. Chronic poisoning may result in poor growth, poor milk production and abortions. There may be signs of abdominal pain including kicking at the abdomen and frequent teeth grinding. Death in 4-8 days. The signs and symptoms of Black Nightshade Poisoning can vary from one individual to another. Understand how cattle can develop nitrate toxicity or poisoning. Ingesting just two to four berries can kill a human child. As the disease progresses, cattle become frenzied, bellow, stagger and crash into obstacles. Plants With High Toxicity. The deadly nightshade lives up to its reputation once humans eat it. Mayapple, bloodroot, pokeweed, nightshade and hellebore are other alkaloid-containing plants. Nitrites cause respiratory distress due to interference with oxygenation of blood. This is the earliest sign of a possible toxicity occurring with slight to acute symptoms. Nitrate toxicity is basically a form of "anti-quality factor" that is associated with animals consuming plants that have a substance that creates health issues in them, just like with bloat is an anti-quality factor, or sweet clover poisoning, or grass/winter tetany. Usually, stored forages with less than 1,100 ppm NO 3-N may be fed free choice to cattle. The disease is most common in cattle that accidentally gain access to large quantities of readily digestible carbohydrates, particularly grain. Ten to twenty berries can kill an adult. It may be mild in some and severe in others. Even chewing on just one leaf can lead to a dirt nap. nitrite poisoning; Nitrates may cause inflammation of the gut when eaten in large quantities, but their main importance is as a source of nitrite. 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