When the Ottoman army arrived in Karansebes on September 1788 they found victory awaiting them. One peculiarity of the Mediterranean weather systems is the föhn wind, a warm air mass that originates in the African Sahara and moves north rapidly, periodically raising temperatures up to 10 °C (18 °F) in a short period of time. AUT Alpha-3. To be precise, Vienna is the capital city of Austria and is located in Central Europe. The higher the Alps are, the less inhabitable they become in terms of soil, microclimate, and vegetation. Austria is a landlocked country in Western Europe . Some of the most interesting facts associated with Austria have been mentioned below. It has a total area of 83,879 km², which is about twice the size of Switzerland. Stunning natural landscapes and cities with old European charm attract visitors to the country from all corners of the globe. Despite the Alps, Austria has historically been a land of transit. It is the only major European river that flows eastwards, and its importance as an inland waterway has been enhanced by the completion in 1992 of the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal in Bavaria, which connects the rivers Rhine and Main with the Danube and makes barge traffic from the North Sea to the Black Sea possible. Austria's least mountainous landscape is southeast of the low Leithagebirge, which forms the southern lip of the Viennese Basin, where the steppe of the Hungarian Plain begins. Given the importance of Alpine skiing for the Austrian tourist industry, December is the month during which the weather is watched with the greatest anticipation. In extreme cases, they have up to twenty hotel beds for each inhabitant, a ratio that places a disproportionate seasonal burden on communal infrastructures and the environment. Consequently, central and eastern Austria are geographically oriented away from the watershed of the Alps: the provinces of Upper Austria and Lower Austria toward the Danube and the provinces of Carinthia and Styria toward the Drau. The highest point in the country is at an elevation of 3,798 m. Austria is one of the world’s few countries that do not support nuclear power development. The landscape is truly breathtaking and it's hard not to be impressed by the natural beauty of the country. www.my-domain.at.at. (All heights are related to the 1875 Trieste tide gauge used in Austria - metres above the Adriatic). For these reasons, efforts have been made to introduce "green" or "soft" forms of tourism that are more compatible with the Alpine environment. Snow thawing from the glaciers around the cave drained into it and froze in the winter to result in the ice formations. Inversions – cold layers of air that trap warm layers of air or warm layers of air that trap cold layers in the valleys and lowlands – also seasonally contribute to the magnitude of the pollution problem. After the outbreak of hostilities in Yugoslavia in the summer of 1991, however, a substantial amount of this traffic was re-routed through the Danube Valley and Hungary. The great majority of the area of permanent settlement is in the Danube valley and the lowlands or hilly regions north, east, and south of the Alps, where approximately two-thirds of the population lives. During the Austro-Turkish War, a drunken brawl and mistaken identity led to a massive loss for Austria. The Alps serve as a watershed for Europe's three major kinds of weather systems that influence Austrian weather. Tyrol illustrates most clearly the relationship between Alpine geography and habitation. This guide should be read in conjunction with the Leitfaden für Assistenten 2020/21 guide produced by The country has a huge variety of facilities and attractions for visitors of all kinds. Opened on July 31, 1752, the Tiergarten Schönbrunn is the oldest continually operating zoo in Austria. The President is elected by the general population to serve for a 6-year term and to act as the Head of State. Outside Vorarlberg, Austro-Bavarian is the primary native language of Austria. The two-letter country abbreviation for Austria is AT, the three-letter code is AUT. oil, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower, Land use: Austria may be divided into three unequal geographical areas. Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is surrounded by the Austrian lands of Upper Austria in the northeast, by Styria in the east, by Carinthia in the south as well as by Tyrol, South Tyrol (Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italy) and East Tyrol in the southwest. Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling Within the Alps, four passes and the roads that run through them are of particular importance for north–south transit. During the 18th and 19th centuries, Vienna was the European capital of classical music and an important hub of musical innovation. 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